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OldTestament Survey: Judahs Last Days


Judah's Kings. Three years before Assyria destroyed Israel, Hezekiah was ruling in Judah. ... (2 Kings 18,19) ... He ruled only three months. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OldTestament Survey: Judahs Last Days

Old-Testament SurveyJudahs Last Days
  • The Fall of Judah

Judahs Kings
  • Israel
  • In captivity inAssyria - 722 B.C.
  • Judah
  • Hezekiah (29 years)715686 B.C.
  • Manasseh (52 years)686642 B.C.
  • Amon (2 years) 642640 B.C.
  • Josiah (31 years)641609 B.C.

Judahs Kings
  • Israel
  • In captivity in Assyria 722 B.C.
  • Judah
  • Jehoahaz (3 months) 609 B.C.
  • Jehoiakim (11 years)609598 B.C.
  • Jehoiachin (3 months) 597 B.C.
  • Zedekiah (11 years)597586 B.C.

  • Three years before Assyria destroyed Israel,
    Hezekiah was ruling in Judah.
  • He did all he could to rid Judah of evil(2 Kings
  • He destroyed idolatry, reopened the temple doors,
    and repaired and cleansed the temple.
  • He called upon all the remnant of Israel to
    worship God.
  • Many mocked, but some did come to Jerusalem to
    worship God.

  • Hezekiah, as Ahaz had done, ceased to pay tribute
    to Assyria.
  • In Hezekiahs 14th year, king Sennacherib invaded
    Judah and destroyed some of her fortified cities.
    (2 Kings 1813-16)
  • Hezekiah decided to pay tribute with the gold
    from the temple wallswas unable to buy him off!
  • Hezekiah heard their threats and prayed to the
  • God assured him that He would protect the city.
    That night , Gods angel smote 185,000 Assyrian
    soldiers. (2 Kings 1935-37)

  • Hezekiah became deathly ill and was told he would
    not recover. (2 Kings 201,2)
  • He prayed to God for mercy, and God granted him
    15 more years. (2 Kings 203-8)
  • As a sign to Hezekiah, the sun dial of Ahaz was
    set back 10 steps. (2 Kings 209-11)
  • Hezekiah showed the Babylonian ambassadors all
    his wealth.
  • He was told he had acted foolishly the prophet
    predicted that a Babylonian would later take
    Judah into captivity. (2 Kings 2012-19)

  • Hezekiah died, and his son Manasseh (only 12)
    became king of Judah. He would reign for 55
    years. (2 Kings 211-15)
  • Manasseh lured Judah back into wickedness and
    idolatry. (2 Kings 219-16)
  • He even offered his own son in sacrifice to an
    idol in the valley of Hinnom. (2 Kings 216)
  • Assyria captured Manasseh and took him to
    Babylon, where he repented and prayed to God for
  • Manassehs kingdom was restored. He built a
    larger wall around Jerusalem and took away the
    foreign gods. (2 Kings 3310-18)

Amon and Josiah
  • Amon succeeded Manasseh, but he lasted only two
    years. He was wicked. (2 Kings 2119-26)
  • Judahs citizens murdered the wicked servants who
    killed the king and put his 8-year-old son,
    Josiah, on the throne. (2 Kings 221,2)
  • Josiah ruled for 31 years. He purged the idolatry
    from Judah. (2 Kings 223-7)
  • Hilkiah found the book of the Law of God and
    brought it to the young king.
  • When Josiah understood their failure to keep the
    law, he asked for word of what would befall Judah
    because of her great sin.

  • Josiah was told that Judah would suffer the
    curses of the lawbut not during his lifetime.
    (2 Kings 2119-26)
  • Josiah continued his purge.
  • He destroyed the houses of the false gods. He
    went to Bethel and torn down the altars. Dug up
    the priests and burned their bones on the altar.
    (1 Kings 13)
  • Josiah called on Judah to observe the Passover.
    They had not done so since the days of Samuel!
  • Assyria was decaying. Egypt was controlling
    Syria. The powerful nation of Babylon attacked

Jehoahaz and Jehoikim
  • At Megiddo, Josiah fought against Babylon and was
    killed his reforms were over. (2 Chronicles
  • Jehoahaz became king. He ruled only three months.
    He was deposed by Pharaoh-Necho, who placed his
    brother, Jehoiakim, on the throne. (2 Kings
  • Jehoiakim reigned 11 years. Nebuchadnezzar forced
    him to pay tribute to Babylon.
  • After 3 years, he rebelled. The Chaldeans invaded
    Jerusalem, captured the king, and took him back
    to Babylon. They also stole the temple vessels.
  • Jehoiachin, at 18, became king. He ruled for only
    3 months before being taken when Nebuchadnezzar
    came back to Jerusalem. All precious metals and
    aristocrats were taken back to Babylon.

  • Mattaniah was selected to be governor over Judah
    his name was changed to Zedekiah.
  • After 11 years, Zedekiah rebelled against
    Babylon. The Chaldeans destroyed the city and the
  • Anyone of importance was taken into captivity in
  • Zedekiahs sons were murdered before his eyes,
    and then they put out his eyes! It was 586 B.C.
  • Gedaliah was appointed governor over what was
    left of Jerusalem and Judah. God wanted Judah to
    live peacefully under Babylon for 70 years, the
    time prophesied by Jeremiah the prophet.

Judah Falls
  • After Gedaliah ruled for only two months, they
    murdered him and fled to Egypt. Against
    Jeremiahs will, they took him with them.
  • The captivity in Babylon lasted 70 years.
  • In the 37th year, Evil-Merodach, king of Babylon,
    lifted up Jehoiakim from prison and treated him
  • After 70 years of captivity, Cyrus, king of
    Persia, defeated the Babylonians. He allowed the
    Jews to return to their homeland. The captivity
    was over!

Judahs Downfall
  • Judahs downfall followed the same pattern as
  • God sent Isaiah, Zephaniah, Jeremiah, and other
    prophets to call them to repentance but they did
    not repent!
  • When Judah forsook God, He forsook them.
  • Their own wickedness brought the captivity.
  • Only Gods grace saved them from total
  • During the captivity, God sent the prophets
    Ezekiel and Daniel to teach Judah.
  • During the restoration, when Cyrus was king of
    Persia, God sent the prophets Haggai and
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