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Christ in Old Testament Feasts

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Title: Christ in Old Testament Feasts


1
Christ in Old Testament Feasts
2
Feasts of the LORD
  • And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, Speak to
    the children of Israel, and say to them The
    feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to
    be holy convocations, these are My feasts. (Lev
    121-2)

3
Old Testament Feasts
  • Weekly Sabbath (Exo 208-11)
  • Monthly - New Moons (beginnings of lunar months)
    (Num 1010, 2811-15)
  • Annual
  • Ordained by God (7 feasts)
  • Passover (Exo 12, Lev 235)
  • Unleavened Bread (Exo 13, Lev 236-8)
  • First Fruits (Lev 239-14)
  • Harvest/Pentecost/Weeks (Lev 2315-22)
  • Trumpets (Lev 2323-25)
  • Atonement (Lev 16, Lev 2326-32)
  • Tabernacles (Lev 2333-36)
  • Ordained by Men
  • Dedication (1Mac 459, Jn 1022)
  • Purim (Est 929-32)
  • Judiths victory over Holofernes (Jud 16)
  • Fire of Purification by Nehemiah (2Mac 118)
  • Judass victory over Nicanor (1Mac 748-49)

4
The Seven Feasts of Israel
5
The Sabbath
  • Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day
    is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation.
    You shall do no work on it it is the Sabbath of
    the LORD in all your dwellings. (Lev 233)
  • Shabbat
  • Punishment for disobedient stoning (Num 15)
  • The Lord rested on the seventh day (Gen 2)
  • All the people rested, including the slaves and
    also the animals (Exo 2312)
  • To remember their rest from bondage (Deut 515)
  • A covenant between the people and God (Deut 52)
  • Distinguish them from the nations
  • Symbol of the rest of the Redemption by the Blood
    of Christ and eternal rest in the Kingdom.

6
The Passover
  • Pesach (Pascha)
  • (Exo 121-28, Lev 235)
  • The Crucified Christ
  • Passover (Pascha) of the angel of death
  • The Passover Lamb Christ
  • Slain for the sins of the world
  • For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed
    for us. (1Cor 57)
  • Blood on the posts and lintel
  • Sign of faith in Gods promise
  • They ate of the lamb
  • Eucharist

7
Feast of Unleavened Bread
  • Chag Hamatzot
  • (Exo 133-10, Lev 236-8)
  • The Afflicted Christ The Burial of Christ
  • Starts the day after the Passover and lasts for
    seven days
  • Unleavened Bread reminder that they left Egypt
    in haste (Exo 12, Deut 16)
  • Bread of Affliction (Deut 16) reminder of the
    affliction in Egypt
  • Leaven symbol of sin remove sin from among
    you, during and after the Passover (redemption)

8
Feast of Unleavened Bread
  • Unleavened pure (without sin) Symbol of
    Christ
  • Affliction that the world endured under sin,
    and that Christ endured because of the sin
  • Follows the Passover life of purity after
    redemption and Communion with God
  • Seven days life of complete purity
  • New Testament Leavened Bread symbol that
    Christ bore the sins in His Body in order to save
    us.

9
The Seven Feasts of the Lord
  • Christ in the Feasts
  • Passover - The Crucified Christ
  • Unleavened Bread - The Afflicted Christ The
    Burial of Christ
  • First Fruits -
  • Harvest/Pentecost/Weeks -
  • Trumpets -
  • Atonement -
  • Tabernacles -

10
Feast of First-Fruits
  • Yom Habikkurim
  • (Lev 239-14)
  • The Resurrected Christ
  • Occurs on the day after the (Passover) Sabbath
  • The beginning of the barley harvest before all
    other harvests
  • Confession that the Lord is the One Who gives
    them these gifts and He blesses the harvest
  • Thanksgiving
  • Sanctification of the first-fruits
    sanctification of the whole life to God For if
    the firstfruit is holy, the lump is also holy
    and if the root is holy, so are the branches.
  • They can not eat of the harvest of the new year
    until the waving of first-fruits by the priest

11
Feast of First-Fruits
  • We should offer the first-fruits of all aspects
    of our life to God
  • First-fruit symbol of the Resurrection of
    Christ
  • But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has
    become the firstfruits of those who have fallen
    asleep. (1Cor 1520)
  • The Jews were celebrating this feast on the day
    of Christs Resurrection
  • Most assuredly, I say to you, unless a grain of
    wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains
    alone but if it dies, it produces much grain.
    (Jn 1228)
  • Christ is the First-fruit of the creation
  • He is the image of the invisible God, the
    firstborn over all creation. For by Him all
    things were created (Col 115-16)

12
The Seven Feasts of the Lord
  • Christ in the Feasts
  • Passover - The Crucified Christ
  • Unleavened Bread - The Afflicted Christ The
    Burial of Christ
  • First Fruits - The Resurrected Christ
  • Harvest/Pentecost/Weeks -
  • Trumpets -
  • Atonement -
  • Tabernacles -

13
Feast of Harvest
  • Shavuot 
  • (Lev 2315-22)
  • Known also as Feast of Pentecost/Weeks
  • The Holy Spirit, the Giver of gifts
  • Occurs seven weeks after the feast of
    First-Fruits
  • One of only three major feasts where all the
    males appeared before the Tabernacle Passover,
    Weeks, Tabernacles
  • Thanksgiving for the harvest
  • Commemoration of receiving the Ten Commandments
    which occurred on that day

14
Feast of Harvest
  • Not reaping the corners of the field (Lev
    199-10)
  • For the poor c.f. Ruth
  • Not embarrass the poor
  • Not gathering any gleaning from the harvest
  • So the poor may pick it up
  • If nothing falls while harvesting, they would
    dedicate part of the harvest for the poor.

15
Feast of Harvest
  • Feast of reaping the fruit of labor after much
    toil
  • Those who sow in tears, Shall reap in joy. He
    who continually goes forth weeping, Bearing seed
    for sowing, Shall doubtless come again with
    rejoicing, Bringing his sheaves with him. (Ps
    1265,6)
  • But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace,
    longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,
    gentleness, self-control. (Gal 522)
  • After the Crucifixion (Passover), Resurrection
    (First-Fruit)
  • The gift of the Holy Spirit is for everyone,
    including the poor
  • Blessed are the poor in spirit, For theirs is
    the kingdom of heaven. (Matt 53)

16
The Seven Feasts of the Lord
  • Christ in the Feasts
  • Passover - The Crucified Christ
  • Unleavened Bread - The Afflicted Christ The
    Burial of Christ
  • First Fruits - The Resurrected Christ
  • Harvest/Pentecost/Weeks The Holy Spirit, the
    Giver of gifts
  • Trumpets -
  • Atonement -
  • Tabernacles -

17
Feast of Trumpets
  • Rosh HaShana
  • (Lev 2323-25)
  • Christ, Messenger of Salvation Annunciation of
    the Day of the Lord
  • Continuous blowing upon shofar
  • rams' horns curved in shape and ornamented with
    silver at the mouthpieces.
  • Commemoration of the sacrifice of Isaac, where a
    ram was sacrificed instead of him

18
Feast of Trumpets
  • New Year Day They gathered the fruits of the
    previous year, and sow the seeds of the new year
  • They blew the trumpet
  • From sunset of the eve of the feast until sunrise
    of the feast
  • Outside the Holy, except if it falls on a
    Sabbath, then they blow inside the Holy
  • To raise their joyful prayers before God, that He
    may remember His covenant with Abraham, Isaac,
    and Jacob.

19
Feast of Trumpets
  • Beginning of Seventh month, after the long summer
    period
  • Prelude to the Great Day of Atonement which
    follows
  • Jews prepared for it during this time with
    prayers, repentance and purification
  • Paramoun in the New Testament
  • Commemoration of the sound of thunder and trumpet
    heard when God appeared to Moses on the mountain
    (Exo 1914-19)

20
Feast of Trumpets
  • Seventh month commemoration of seventh day,
    Gods rest (Sabbath)
  • Commemoration of Gods work of Creation
  • Blowing joy of the whole creation
  • Where were you when I laid the foundations of
    the earth? When the morning stars sang together,
    And all the sons of God shouted for joy? (Job
    384,7)
  • Reminder of sanctifying the Sabbaths
  • Sabbath day
  • Seventh (Sabbatical) Year
  • Jubilee year, the year at the end of a seven
    cycles of Sabbatical years

21
Feast of Trumpets
  • Blowing the trumpets symbolizes
  • Annunciation of Salvation
  • So it shall be in that day The great trumpet
    will be blown They will come, who are about to
    perish And shall worship the LORD in the holy
    mount at Jerusalem. (Isa 2713)
  • Call for repentance
  • Cry aloud, spare not lift up your voice like a
    trumpet tell My people their transgression, and
    the house of Jacob their sins. (Isa 581)
  • Now then, we are ambassadors for Christ, as
    though God were pleading through us we implore
    you on Christs behalf, be reconciled to God.
    (2Cor 520)
  • Beginning of the New Year (New Testament of
    Grace)
  • The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon MeTo
    proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD (Isa
    621-2, Lk 419)
  • Annunciation of the Day of the Lord
  • For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven
    with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and
    with the trumpet of God. (1The 416)

22
Great Day of Atonement
  • Yom Kippur
  • (Lev 16, Lev 2326-32)
  • Christ, the Redeemer The Day of the Lord
  • A day of great affliction
  • You shall afflict your souls, and offer an
    offering made by fire to the LORD.

23
The Seven Feasts of the Lord
  • Christ in the Feasts
  • Passover - The Crucified Christ
  • Unleavened Bread - The Afflicted Christ The
    Burial of Christ
  • First Fruits - The Resurrected Christ
  • Harvest/Pentecost/Weeks The Holy Spirit, the
    Giver of gifts
  • Trumpets - Christ, Messenger of Salvation
    Annunciation of the Day of the Lord
  • Atonement - Christ, the Redeemer The Day of the
    Lord
  • Tabernacles -

24
Feast of Tabernacles
  • Sukkot Feast of Booths
  • (Lev 2333-36)
  • Christ, Who brings His people into His Kingdom
  • The sukkah is reminiscent of the type of huts in
    which the ancient Israelites dwelt during their
    40 years of wandering in the desert after the
    Exodus from Egypt.
  • Commemorate their journey in the desert where
    they lived in tabernacles

25
Feast of Tabernacles
  • Seven-day holiday, with the first day celebrated
    as a full festival with special prayer services
    and holiday meals.
  • During each day of the holiday, Jews invite seven
    spiritual "guests" to be with them in the sukkah,
    the "Seven Shepherds of Israel"
  • Abraham
  • Isaac
  • Jacob
  • Moses
  • Aaron
  • Joseph
  • David
  • As they looked forward to the coming of the
    Messiah

26
Feast of Tabernacles
  • They dwelt in tents, as strangers without a land
  • Conduct yourselves throughout the time of your
    stay here in fear (1Pet 117)
  • For here we have no continuing city, but we seek
    the one to come. (Heb 1314)
  • Feast full of joy
  • Joy of believers, and those who return to God
  • Thy Kingdom come.. (Matt 610)
  • Joy of entering the Kingdom, the everlasting
    home
  • The king has brought me into his chambers.
    (Song 14)
  • And I say to you, make friends for yourselves by
    unrighteous mammon, that when you fail, they may
    receive you into an everlasting home. (Lk 169)
  • Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white
    horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful
    and True And the armies in heaven, clothed in
    fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on
    white horses. (Rev 1911-14)

27
The Seven Feasts of the Lord
  • Christ in the Feasts
  • Passover - The Crucified Christ
  • Unleavened Bread - The Afflicted Christ The
    Burial of Christ
  • First Fruits - The Resurrected Christ
  • Harvest/Pentecost/Weeks The Holy Spirit, the
    Giver of gifts
  • Trumpets - Christ, Messenger of Salvation
    Annunciation of the Day of the Lord
  • Atonement - Christ, the Redeemer The Day of the
    Lord
  • Tabernacles Christ, Who brings His people into
    His Kingdom
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