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System Engineering & Project Management on LCA Avionics (Military fighter aircraft)) at ADA (aeronautical Development Agency) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Stress

The Science of Stress And The Art of Managing
it By Vishu Hegde Vice President and Head of
Quality MindTree Consulting Vishu_hegde_at_mindtree.c
om Presented at Bangalore SPIN On 12th April,

Background about the speaker
  • Electronics Communication, Computer Science
  • 20 years experience in the IT industry
  • Visited 18 different countries gained some
    global insights
  • Professional roles
  • System Engineering Project Management on LCA
    Avionics (Military fighter aircraft)) at ADA
    (aeronautical Development Agency)
  • Quality Professional at Motorola covering India,
    Singapore, Japan, Korea, China
  • Quality professional and part of senior
    leadership team at MindTree
  • Interests outside the profession
  • Homeopathic practitioner, Physiology
    (neuroscience, endocrine system, respiratory
    circulatory mechanisms)
  • Ancient Indian Wisdom Yoga, Pranayama,
    Meditation, Vedantha
  • Modern Physics, Quantum Physics, Electro
  • Trekking, Mountaineering, Nature study,
    Photography, Gymnastics
  • Classical music, playing Tabala, singing,

What is Stress?
  • Stress is a state of Mind
  • Stress is a mind-body reaction/response to a
  • Fight or Flight instinct

Why Stress Happens?
  • When a situation/condition is not Acceptable to
  • When we want to do/get something but are unable
  • When ego is hurt (feedback, comments, criticism)
  • When we loose something which we feel as
  • Stress is mostly due to
  • Fear (of Future)
  • Worry (about Past)
  • And not so much due to Present Moment
  • The Future depends on what is done to the
    Present - Gandhi
  • It is always due to the perception of Mind
  • Different people feel different stress levels
    for the same situations

What Happens when Stressed?
  • Psychology of Stress Emotional impact
  • Anxiety
  • Fear
  • Depression
  • Anger
  • Sadness
  • Physiology of Stress
  • Acidity
  • Ulcers
  • Heart ailments
  • Blood Pressure
  • Kidney problems
  • Diabetes

Chain Reaction of Stress The Negative Spiral
Some Impacts of Sustained and Unmanaged Stress
  • Brain
  • Continues to operate in higher Beta state (15 to
    26 cycles per second of electrical impulses
  • Continues to trigger the rest of the body
    mechanism and create stress
  • Blood Pressure remains high
  • High blood pressures can lead to Heart failure,
    paralysis (due to breakdown of blood vessels in
  • Acidity, Ulcer and other digestive problems
  • Diabetes
  • Kidney problems due to overload on removing
    toxins from the body
  • Reduces immunity and makes body susceptible to
  • .

Some More Impacts
  • Human body mind are a highly complex and
    integrated system
  • Each system impacts the other either positively
    or negatively
  • Stress and Mind induced effects on the body are
    far more harmful than the external pollution
  • Internal Toxins are far more harmful than
    external chemical/industrial pollution
  • Human body has huge number of chemical factories
    approximately 6600 different chemicals are
    produced (scientists/doctors are discovering
  • ISO 14000 needs significant change in the
    globalized knowledge era!

Why Allopathic Medicines and Stimulants are not
good for managing Stress
  • Allopathic medicines directly add chemical to the
    body and interfere with the internal chemical
  • E.g. Taking Antacids for Acidity neutralizes the
    acid in the stomach. Then body thinks that the
    acid is not sufficient and starts producing more.
  • E.g. Anti-depressants suppress the ability of
    brain cells to generate electric impulses
  • People taking such drugs for prolonged time
    become dull
  • Stimulants like Tobacco, Coffee, Tea, Coco etc.
    temporarily trigger higher activities
  • Subsequently body craves for more more

Then how to manage stress?
  • Turn it into a Positive Spiral
  • Break the negative cycle at each point
  • Some amount of Stress is healthy it triggers
    and energizes the system

Managing Stress
  • Root Cause Manage Mind
  • Positive Thinking and Attitude
  • So what? Whats the worst that can happen? Smile
    at the situation laugh at yourself
  • Larger view of life
  • Story of the Professor and the Jar
  • Meditation
  • Build capability to face stressful situations and
    reduce the impact of stress at physiological
  • Yoga
  • Pranayama
  • Healthy lifestyle and food habits
  • Have multiple positive energy sources
  • Hobbies, interests, active family social life
    along with professional life
  • Time Management, Planning, Being Proactive
  • Story of farmers servant who sleeps while wind
  • Story of person with a lamp

What does Yoga, Pranayama, Meditation do at
Physiological level?...
What does Yoga do at Physiological level?
  • Yogasanas exercise different parts of the body
  • They combine with breathing
  • They create flexibility and hollowness, lightness
  • Postures Stretch hold, Compress hold
  • Helps in flow of water, food, oxygen, electrical
    signals and flow of energy in the body
  • They are Isometric exercises
  • As against Isotonic exercises of aerobics, gym
    exercises which help to build muscles which
    reduce the flexibility become blockers over a
    period of time (aerobics are useful to exercise
    the heart)

What does Pranayama do at Physiological level?
  • Increases absorption of oxygen into the
    hemoglobin by creating inhale pressure in lungs
    for osmosis
  • E.g. Ujjai breath
  • Increases the removal of carbon dioxide from the
    blood plasma by creating exhale pressure in lungs
    for osmosis
  • E.g. Bastrika pranayam
  • Increases oxidation and liberation of energy in
    every cell of the body
  • Air filter analogy in automobiles
  • Stimulates nerve tips in lungs which have
    connection to the brain area (hypothalamus) where
    Pituitary Gland is situated
  • Pituitary Gland is the master gland in the
    endocrine system and has a strong influence on
    rest of the endocrine glands
  • Breathing is the key voluntary AND involuntary
  • Clue (entry point) to explore the internal world
    what ancient Rishis discovered

What does Meditation do at Physiological level?
  • Meditation
  • Takes the brain to Alpha state electrical
    impulses of 8 to 14 cycles per second
  • At deep meditation level (Samadhi state) brain
    goes to Theta state electrical impulses of 4 to
    7 cycles per second
  • Leads to deep relaxation
  • Sudarshana Kriya of Art of Living
  • Takes the brain to higher beta state
  • Then takes the brain to deep relaxation
  • Thus exercises and expands the brain/mind
  • Mind rules the body
  • Mind ? Nervous system ? Endocrine system ? rest
    of the body function

Importance of Endocrine System
Master gland Controls all other glands
Body rhythm
Immune system
Adrenalin heart rate, blood pressure
Insulin blood sugar, energy
  • Enzymes produced by Endocrine glands influence
    every cell, organ and function of the body
  • They regulate mood, growth, metabolism, tissue
    function, sexual reproductive processes

Chain Reaction of Managing Stress The Positive
Clinical Research Results
Increased alertness and deeper relaxation of
Reduced tension and stress
  • Ref Art Of Living Research with AIIMS, NIMHANS

Clinical Research Results
  • Improved immunity
  • Increase in good cholesterol and decrease in bad
  • Decreased depression

Beyond Physiology The Energy System
Human Body as the Energy System
  • Modern Science Medicine consider human body as
    merely electro-chemical, electro-mechanical and
    physical phenomena
  • Ancient Indian Eastern Spiritual Sciences
    consider it as an Energy System
  • Universal Cosmic Energy (everything is common at
    atomic level)
  • Yoga union of body, mind and spirit
  • Raja Yoga Chakras and Naadis
  • Reiki (which means life force in Japanese
    Started by Dr. Mikao Usui a doctor and Buddhist
    monk during 1860s)
  • Thai Chi, Acupressure, Acupuncture (originated
    in China)
  • Homeopathy (Started by Dr. Hahnemann a doctor in
    Germany during 1800s)

Chakras Energy Centers
  • Chakras are situated near the key endocrine
    glands and nerve groups (plexus)
  • Wireless connection to brain Connection to
    Cosmic universal energy

Chakras and Naadis Wireless Connection to Brain
  • World seen through the 5 sensors (wired
    connection) is narrow band gross, inert, matter
  • World seen through Chakras Nadis (wireless
    connection) is broad band subtle, dynamic,
    energy world

Science of Homeopathy Medicine of Energy System
  • Basic principle what causes disease cures the
    disease also when given in the potenticized form
  • Homeopathic medicine preparation
  • Potencization through the process of tritration
  • Transfer of atomic vibrations to the base
    substance. Not even a single molecule of
    medicinal material will be present according to
    Avogadro number
  • Curing principle
  • Right medicine creates energy vibrations in the
    human system (resonance principle)
  • This increases the energy level to improve the
    health conditions
  • Typically causes initial aggravation and
    subsequently cures with oscillations
  • Cures inside-out Mind ? Emotional level ?
    Physical level
  • Mind Emotional symptoms are the key for

So, to be Successful.
What is Success?
  • The definition I liked most
  • The measure of Success is the number of joyful
    smiles per day every day Shri Shri Ravishankar
  • Life is full of choices The choices one makes
    determine ones life they are like cross-roads
  • IQ lt EQ lt AQ lt SQ determine what choices one
  • Life is 10 what happens and 90 how we react to
  • Manage Mind
  • Healthy mind FOR a healthy body
  • It is mind, and not body, that differentiates the
    leader from the rest
  • Positive Energy is most fundamental to any Leader
  • Mythology Shiva churn the ocean to get Amrita
    (immortalizing nectar) hold the poison but give
    out the nectar to others.

The Vicious Cycle
  • People spend half of their life pursuing money as
    the highest priority and loose health in that
  • In the remaining half they spend that money
    trying to regain the health

Make it a Virtuous Cycle
  • Pursue health (mindbody) and knowledge
    (universal knowledge) then money fame will
    follow as a byproduct
  • Caution This can not become an excuse for
  • Story of the praying villager

Dont believe me
But do not wait for proof
  • Explore

  • Modern Science (Matter Science)
  • Sees matter in life
  • Proof first, then belief/trust comes
  • Spiritual Science (Energy Science)
  • Sees life in matter
  • Belief/Trust first, then proof comes

Conclusion A personal prescription
  • Practice Yoga Pranayama (and Meditation)
  • Life will change at the most fundamental level
  • Art Of Living workshop is one of the best in my
  • Combines Raja Yoga, Karma Yoga (Service Jesus),
    Bhakti Yoga (Devotion Narada, Chaitanya), Jnana
  • Practical for family social life, professional
    life and spiritual life
  • Use Homeopathy for chronic or hereditary health
    problems to strengthen the positive spiral
  • Spare Allopathic medicines/surgery for
  • Become better individuals and better leaders

Some references
  • On Homeopathy and Physiology
  • The Science of Homeopathy by Dr. John Vikolthas
  • Homeopathy Materia Medica by Dr. Boericke
  • Dr Padmanabhan
  • Human Anatomy Physiology by Dr. David Le Vay
  • On Reiki
  • Healing through Reiki by MK Gupta
  • On Modern Science
  • Scientific American Mind
  • Modern Physics by Arthur Beiser

Some more references
  • On Ancient Indian Wisdom
  • Art Of Living
  • Vedantha literature from Ramakrishna Mission
  • Celebrating Silence by Shri Shri Ravishankar
  • Efficacy of Raja Yoga Shri Ramachandra Mission
  • Raja Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Jnana Yoga, Karma Yoga
    Swami Vivekananda
  • Patanjali Yoga Sutra
  • At Behavioral level
  • Stop Worrying and Start Living by Dale Carneige
  • Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman
  • The Monk Who Sold His Ferrari Robin Sharma
  • You can win Shiv Khera
  • Power of Positive Thinking and so on

Relish a Wholesome Holistic Life
Spiritual Life
YinYang the balance
Professional Life
Social Family Life
Safe Harbor Religion vs. Spiritualism
  • Spiritualism is a true science, science of
    nature/universe it includes modern science
    beyond and is much more holistic than modern
    science. But unfortunately the rationales behind
    them are not fully understood (disconnected).
    When the SPIrit behind spiRITUAL is lost, only
    the rituals remain then it becomes religion,
  • Truly, spiritualism starts where religion ends.
  • Just for example, Sanskrit gets associated with
    Hindu religion. But Sanskrit is such a scientific
    language that every alphabet (sound) is designed
    to produce certain vibrations in the internal
    energy system of human beings (what I mentioned
    about in the Raja Yoga). If we observe each
    alphabet in Sanskrit from A, AA, E, EE to Ka,
    Kha, Ga, Gha, to Cha, Chha, Ja, Jha,.we can see
    that they begin from pit of the stomach
    (diaphragm) and come up to lip (like Pa, Pha, Ba,
    Bha, Ma). Then the words formed out of such
    alphabets like Hari produce different vibrations
    Ha produces vibrations in the naval region
    where Solar Plexus (certain nervous centers)
    exists and where endocrine glands like Adrenal
    and Pancreas exist Ri produces vibrations in
    hypothalamus where Pituitary and  Pineal glands
    exist. So, people were named as Hari and when
    people call them by the name Hari, they get
  • This is just a small example. The ancient Indian
    (and Eastern) Wisdom had integrated everything
    (language, music, dance, culture, medicine,
    lifestyle) around that spiritual science which
    treats this entire universe (including the human
    beings) as energy systems. Those roots are lost.
    There is a great need and potential to bring them
    to the contemporary world (like whats happening
    for Yoga at a physical level) while pursuing the
    modern science/technology. This will be a great
    complementary and convergence approach.

Back up slides
Anatomy of Consciousness according to Yoga
  • Human Consciousness perceives this world through
    10 faculties
  • External 5 sensors
  • Eyes (see), Ears (hear), Nose (smell), Tongue
    (taste), Skin (touch)
  • Internal 5 faculties
  • Mind, Intellect, Memory, Ego, Self
  • Transcending all the sensors and the faculties
    and experiencing the Self is the true realization
    and aim of Yoga
  • Experiencing the complete nature/universe
    broad band science

  • Maslow's hierarchy of Needs

Service model in Ancient Wisdom
  • Jnaana Daana (Donate Wisdom - Guru)
  • Makes the person figure out the living
  • Vidya Daana (Teacher)
  • Teaches person how to live
  • Jeeva Daana (Doctor give life)
  • Anna Daana (Donate food/money)

Jnaana Daana is considered as the highest form of
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