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OldTestament Survey: the Reign of Solomon


... with anointing a new king faced the nation as David's reign was ending. Adonijah (David's fourth son) plotted to be the next king. ... (1 Kings 1:5-9) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OldTestament Survey: the Reign of Solomon

Old-Testament Surveythe Reign of Solomon
  • The third and final king of the United Kingdom

Davids Last Years
  • Problems associated with anointing a new king
    faced the nation as Davids reign was ending.
  • Adonijah (Davids fourth son) plotted to be the
    next king.
  • He gained the support of Joab (captain of the
    host) and Abiathar (the high priest). (1 Kings
  • Nathan went to Bathsheba to have her influence
    David to publicly proclaim Solomon as the next
    king. (1 Kings 110-40)

Davids Last Words
  • David commands Solomon to build a house for the
    Lord. (1 Kings 21-4)
  • Solomon receives instructions for constructing
    the house.
  • Solomon gets some unfinished business to take
    care of
  • Kill Joab, (for the murder of Amasa and Abner)
  • Avenge the cursing of Shemei.
  • Treat the family of Barzilli with kindness. (2
    Kings 25-9)

The New King
  • Adonijah asked Bathsheba to speak to Solomon to
    ask if Abishag could become his wifeAdonijah was
    executed. (1 Kings 213-25)
  • Solomon banished Abiathar and appointed Zadok as
    High Priest. (1 Kings 226,27)
  • Joab fled to the Tabernacle in Gibeon to take
    hold of the horns of the altar. Solomon had him
    killed. (1 Kings 228-35)
  • Shemei was confined to Jerusalem and told he
    would die if he left. Three years later, he left
    to retrieve his slaves, and Solomon had him put
    to death. (1 Kings 236-46)

The New Kings Request
  • Solomon went to the Tent of Meeting and offered
    1000 burnt offerings. (1 Kings 33,4)
  • God appeared to Solomon in a dream asking him
    what he desired. (1 Kings 35)
  • Solomon requested an understanding heart to
    guide the people. (1 Kings 36-10)
  • Because Solomon did not ask for personal
    benefits, God gave him great wisdom like none
    before or after him. (1 Kings 311-15)

Solomon Displays His Wisdom
  • Two harlots disputed over a dead child. (1 Kings
  • Solomon ordered the living child to be cut in
    half! (1 Kings 323-25)
  • The real mother would not allow the child to die.
    (1 Kings 326-27)
  • Israel observed Solomons wisdom and judgment and
    feared him. (1 Kings 328)

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Solomons Court
  • Solomons court was extensive. The land was
    divided into twelve sections, each led by a
    governor. (1 Kings 47)
  • Each section supplied food for Solomon and his
    household during one month of the year.
  • 30 measures of flour
  • 60 measure of meal
  • 10 fatted oxen
  • 20 pastured oxen
  • 100 sheep
  • Other assorted animals (1 Kings 422,23)

Solomons Wealth
  • Solomon had chariots.
  • 40,000 stalls of horses
  • 12,000 horsemen (1 Kings 426)
  • Solomons navy sailed from Ezion-geber to Ophir
    on a trade route they sailed with other ships
    traveling the Mediterranean to Tarshish.

Solomons Building Projects
  • It took seven years to build the Temple. (1
    Kings 561-38)
  • Hiram, the king of Tyre, sent craftsmen. (1
    Kings 51-12)
  • The workers used so much gold, silver, and bronze
    in the construction, they stopped counting it!
  • When they brought in the Ark of the Covenant, the
    Lords glory filled the temple. Solomon asked
    that it be considered a special place of prayer.
    (1 Kings 810,11)

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Solomons Building Projects
  • It took 13 years to build the royal palace. (1
    Kings 7)
  • Walls for Jerusalem, Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer.
  • As pay for providing supplies for the projects,
    Hiram received 20 cities in Galilee.
  • The heavy tax burdens for building these massive
    projects fell on the people of Israel. (1 Kings

The Queen of Sheba Visits
  • In the South, the Queen of Sheba had heard of
    Solomons wisdom. She came asking difficult
    questions and bearing gifts. (1 Kings 10)
  • Solomon answered all of her questions.
  • Then she said to the king It was a true report
    which I heard in my own land about your words and
    your wisdom. However I did not believe the words
    until I came and saw with my own eyes and indeed
    the half was not told me. Your wisdom and
    prosperity exceed the fame of which I heard. (1
    Kings 106,7)

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The Influence of Solomons Wives
  • Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines. (1
    Kings 111-3)
  • The majority of his marriages were political in
    nature, to women from other countries.
  • With them, these women brought their pagan
    idolatry and persuaded Solomon to build altars
    for their gods (i.e., Chemosh and Molech). (1
    Kings 114-8)
  • Such idolatry caused God to reject Solomons
    descendants as kings over Israel.

The Cost of Idolatry
  • Because of Gods covenant with David, Solomons
    son would rule over only one tribe. Ten tribes
    would be given to another. (1 Kings 119-13)
  • The prophet Ahijah sought out Jeroboam, overseer
    of Solomons labor force, and appointed him king
    over the ten tribes. (1 Kings 1114ff)
  • When Solomon heard this, he sought to kill
    Jeroboam, who fled to Egypt. (1 Kings 1129-40)
  • After ruling 40 years, Solomon died. (1 Kings
  • He wrote Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of
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