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In the Beginning . . .


... prior to the flood there was no capital punishment nor the eating of meat by man. ... the world if only man will give up capital punishment and meat eating. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: In the Beginning . . .

  • In the Beginning . . .

Torah ????
  • For the bulk of church history Mosaic authorship
    was undoubted
  • Renaissance Scholastic Skepticism Doubting of
  • Much of this criticism was directed to the Old
    Testament and the Torah in particular
  • Anti-supernatural rationalism (DesCartes)

Graf-Wellhausen Documentary Hypothesis
  • J the Jehovistic Writer. 9th century Southern
    writer, epic narrative
  • E the Elohist Writer. 8th century Northern
    writer emphasizing Joseph, Bethel, Shechem
  • P the Priestly Writer. Concerned with legal and
    ceremonial things
  • D the Deuteronomist. The book found by Josiah
    (2 Kings 22).

In the Old Testament
  • the Law
  • the book of the law
  • the book of the law of Moses
  • the book of Moses
  • the law of the Lord
  • the law of God
  • the book of the law of God
  • the book of the law of the Lord
  • the book of the law of the Lord their God
  • the law of Moses, the servant of God

In the New Testament
  • the book of the Law
  • the book of Moses
  • the law
  • the Law of Moses
  • the Law of the Lord

  • Philo and Josephus testified to five-fold
    division of the Law.
  • Jerusalem Talmud spoke of the Pentateuch as the
    five-fifths of the Law

  • Testimony of the Torah
  • Exodus 17.14-And the Lord said unto Moses, write.
  • Exodus 24.4-8-And Moses wrote all the words of
    the Lord.
  • Exodus 34.27-and the Lord said unto Moses, write.
  • Numbers 33.1-2-And Moses wrote their goings out
    according to their journeys.
  • Deut. 1-These are the words which Moses spoke
    unto all Israel.
  • Deut. 31.9-And Moses wrote this Law.
  • Deut. 31.22-and Moses wrote this song.
  • Testimony of the rest of the OT
  • Joshua is filled with references to Moses.
  • References to Moses are found in Kings, Ezra,
    Nehemiah, and Chronicles.
  • Daniel 9 speaks of the oath that is written in
    the Law of Moses, the servant of God
  • Malachi-remember the Law of Moses
  • The presupposition of the OT witness is that
    there is in existence a written book known as the
    Law and that the contents of this Law were given
    to Moses by the Lord.

Testimony of the NT
  • NT bears clear testimony to the Mosaic authorship
    of the Pentateuch
  • Christ quotes from the Law, Moses, because of the
    hardness of your hearts. His disagreement was
    not with who wrote it but rather on
  • In the NT Law and Moses are equivalent.
  • What is meant by Mosaic authorship?
  • It does not mean that he wrote every word.
  • Moses was the fundamental real author.
  • Moses may have employed parts of previously
    existing written documents, which may have had
    latter additions or revisions under divine

  • Hebrew Bershith ?????? (In beginning)
  • Talmud - Book of the creation of the world
  • LXX - Genesis, means origin, source, generation

  • The purpose of the first book of the Pentateuch
    is to give a brief survey of the history of
    divine revelation from the beginning until the
    Israelites were brought into Egypt, ready to be
    formed into a Theocratic nation.
  • It relates the creation of the world, of man,
    God's covenant with man, the fall into sin, the
    covenant of grace, and the lives of the Patriarchs

Two Parts
  • Creation to the call of Abraham (Gen 1-11)
  • Call of Abraham to Israel in Egypt (Gen 12-50)

Gen 1.1-2.3 The creation of the heavens and the
  • All things had their beginning through a
    creative act of God
  • Covers the details of bringing the earth from its
    original unformed state to its present, well
    ordered condition.
  • The account is told in terms of fiat and
    fulfillment. God said it into existence.
  • Gen 2.4-4.26 The generations of the heavens and
    the earth
  • 'These are the generations' occurs 11 times in
  • Use of the phrase in 2.4 introduces the account,
    not of the creation of heaven and earth, but of
    their offspring-man (his spirit is of heaven and
    his body is of the earth)

Genesis 2
  • The words of 2.4b 'in the day that the Lord made
    the heavens and the earth' rather than
    introducing an account of creation, serves to
    point out that the creation already took place.
  • Chapter 2 is not chronological but topical
  • It explains the nature of man
  • Body formed from dust-sentence of dust to dust
  • Life inbreathed by God-possibility of higher
    elevation to immortality (Tree of life)
  • Calls attention to the two trees and the covenant
    of works
  • Sets the stage for the fall of chapt. 3

Chapter 3
  • If this portion were merely legend and not an
    historical account of the entry of sin into the
    relationship between man and his creator then
    there is not need of sense to what follows in
    Genesis through Revelation. The salvific act on
    the cross means nothing because it has no
    necessary function and Paul was entirely
    incorrect in his assessment of the importance of

Chapter 9
  • Chapter 9.1-7. Note carefully that the
    indications are form the text that prior to the
    flood there was no capital punishment nor the
    eating of meat by man. Yet God felt it necessary
    to destroy the earth because of the wickedness of
    man. This is a repudiation of the idea that all
    will be well with the world if only man will give
    up capital punishment and meat eating. Note that
    Adolf Hitler was a vegetarian.

Abraham (12.1-25.18)
  • Covenant between Yhwh and Abram (12.1-13.6)
  • Yhwh's renewal of his covenant with Abram through
    faithfulness (13.7-17.27)
  • The confirmation of Abraham's faith in his
    renewal of the Covenant through Obedience
    (18.1-25.18) cf esp chapt 22.
  • God promised to Abraham that he would
  • 1) be blessed and that through him the all the
    families of the earth will be blessed (12.1-3)
  • 2) he would have a numerous seed (13.16 15.5
    17.5-6 22.17)
  • 3) he and his descendants would possess a goodly
    land (12.7 13.14-15 15.18-21).

Children of Israel
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