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New Testament Survey: Book of 2 Corinthians


New Testament Survey: Book of 2 Corinthians See page 63 * See page 63 * See page 63, 64 Worldly sorrow brings death, but godly sorrow leads one to true ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Testament Survey: Book of 2 Corinthians

New Testament SurveyBook of 2 Corinthians
The Author
  • Both external and internal evidence indicates
    that Paul also wrote this letter to the church at
  • Since it was circulated later, it is not often
    quoted by other writers.
  • Twice, Paul referred to himself.
  • 11 101
  • The letters vividness and the character of its
    detail are qualities of Pauls writings.

The Date
  • Paul left Ephesus shortly after writing the first
    epistle to Corinth.
  • Passages in the second epistle may indicate a
    short trip between the two lettersthird time
  • 2 Corinthians 1214 131
  • Second letter probably written from Philippi
    after Paul received word from Titus concerning
    the first letter.
  • 2 Corinthians 715,16
  • Likely written around 56 or 57 A.D.

The Letters Purpose
  • Autobiographical in nature.
  • Personal made of up of explanations, defense,
    protests, appeals, reproaches, and warnings.
    Characterized by subtle irony.
  • It appears that the Judaizing teachers had come
    to Corinth and were again undermining Pauls
  • 2 Corinthians 107 1113
  • These people had made false attacks and insulted
    Paul in every possible way.
  • They intended to destroy Pauls influence and
    establish themselves with the brethren.

The Letters Purpose
  • Circumstances made it necessary for Paul to
    defend himself and his work.
  • Not in the interest of self-vindication.
  • Preserving his influence and protecting the
    Corinthian brethren against false teachers
  • In Chapters 1-7, Paul defended his ministry
    Chapters 10-13 defended his authority and
    apostolic office.
  • In Chapters 8 and 9, he stirred up the brethren
    to carry out their intention to send a
    contribution to the poor saints in Jerusalem.

Contents and Character
  • In defense of his ministry, Paul had shown no
    fickleness or character instability by failing to
    come to them personally.
  • 2 Corinthians 115-20
  • His plans always depended on Gods providential
  • Reminded them of his great trial in Asia when his
    life was in dangerbut God comforted him so he
    could come and comfort them.
  • Acts 18

Contents and Character
  • Some had accused Paul of being severe in his
    letters, but weak in his personal presence.
  • If it had been necessary, he would have been
    severe when he was present with them.
  • He was writing to them with anguish of heart and
    many tearsnot to grieve them.
  • Reminded them to accept the disciplined man back
    into fellowship (1 Cor.5) because he had
    repented. Evidence of his effective ministry.
  • 2 Corinthians 31-3

Contents and Character
  • Draws a contrast between the Law of Moses and the
    Gospel of Christ
  • Written and engraved on stone tablets, while the
    gospel was written in the heart by the Spirit
  • Law of Moses ministry of condemnation New
    Covenant ministry of righteousness (39)
  • Law of Moses ministration of death Gospel of
    Christ ministration of Spirit (36,7)
  • Law of Moses that which is done away Gospel
    of Christ that which remains (311)

Contents and Character
  • Paul stated that the gospel treasure was in
    earthen vessels.
  • The God who caused the light to shine out of the
    darkness has shown in mens hearts to give the
    light of the knowledge of the glory of God.
  • First revealed in Christnow revealed in the
    gospel message.
  • 41-7
  • Pointed out the persecutions he had enduredhe
    would do it again for their sake.
  • 48-12

Contents and Character
  • A proper perspective and outlook on life.
  • Spirit of faith is to believe and speak as it
    is written.
  • Eternal nature that dwells within man.
  • Temporal things cannot last but spiritual things
    are eternal.
  • One day, well put off our mortal bodies and put
    on immortalityafter death and the resurrection.
  • As creatures of ability, we are responsible to
    God and will answer to Him in the judgment.
  • 413511

Contents and Character
  • Commending oneself or glorying in appearance is
  • Christ died for us, and only in Him can the old
    man of sin be crucified.
  • We can be new creatures who are reconciled to
  • Paul was an ambassador for Christ.
  • The word of reconciliation had been committed
    to him.
  • 51221

Contents and Character
  • He pleaded with them not to receive Gods grace
    (His gospel) in vain.
  • Paul had not put any obstacles in their way they
    could not find any fault with his ministry.
  • He had worked among them with patience, during
    affliction, without lifes necessities, and in
  • 61-13

Contents and Character
  • Paul admonished them to refrain from compromising
    their faith in Christ by fellowshipping the
    idolatry of the heathen people.
  • Must keep themselves separate from the heathen
    practices of the city in which they lived.
  • Must strive for perfect holiness in the fear of
  • 61471

Contents and Character
  • Paul assured them of his love for them, that he
    gloried in them, and that he would continue to be
    concerned about their well being.
  • He was comforted by the message he received from
  • The sinful man had repented and corrected his
  • Contrasts worldly sorrow and godly sorrow.
  • 72-16

Contents and Character
  • Discussion and exhortation concerning the
    contribution promised a year ago for the poor
    saints in Jerusalem.
  • Used the brethren in Macedonia as an example.
  • By fulfilling their obligation, they would
    demonstrate the sincerity of their love.
  • Their abundance could supply what the poor
    lackedthereby creating equality.
  • Chapters 8 and 9

Contents and Character
  • Helps us arrive at the Lords pattern for one
    church helping another church
  • Receiving church was unable to provide for its
    own who were in need of help.
  • Contributing church raised its own funds by free
    will offering on the first day of the week.
  • Contributing church sent the money through an
    individual messenger chosen by them.
  • Contribution delivered to the elders of the needy
  • 1 Corinthians 161-4 2 Corinthians 89 Acts

Contents and Character
  • Christians were to give as they had purposed in
    their hearts.
  • Must give cheerfullynot grudgingly
  • God is able to make His grace abound so that
    those who give will have an abundance for every
    good work.
  • Brings about thanksgiving to God.
  • 2 Corinthians 96-8

Contents and Character
  • Paul made a direct defense of his apostleship.
  • Affirmed his authority as an apostle.
  • Labors and fruits give evidence of the Lords
    approvalhe need not to do so himself.
  • Reminded them that he had begotten them in Christ
    through the gospel.
  • Affirmed that he was not one whit behind the
    chiefest apostle.
  • 2 Corinthians 10,11

Contents and Character
  • Paul made a direct defense of his apostleship.
  • He had taken no money from them other churches
    supported him.
  • Branded the false teachers as false apostles whom
    Satan had transformed into ministers!
  • Paul had exhibited the signs of an
  • After being stoned in Lystra, he was caught up
    into Paradise, where he heard unspeakable words.
  • 2 Corinthians 11

Contents and Character
  • Paul made a direct defense of his apostleship.
  • He had suffered many trials and afflictions for
    the cause of Christ.
  • Pauls thorn if the flesh that God would not
    remove because His grace was sufficient to
    sustain him.
  • Paul was not bragging, but telling the true facts
    of his workoverwhelming evidence that sustained
    his claim to be an apostle!
  • 2 Corinthians 11, 12

Contents and Character
  • Specific exhortations
  • Walk in the same spirit.
  • Be united among yourselves.
  • Examine yourselves, whether you be in the faith.
  • Be of one mind and live in peace.
  • 2 Corinthians 12,13
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