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Pentateuch, Lect 24 Dec. 1


3. The death angel the wages of sin is death. 4. The Passover. ... And the angel of the Lord said unto him, Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pentateuch, Lect 24 Dec. 1

Pentateuch, Lect 24 Dec. 1
  • Can You answer these questions?
  • The earthly tabernacle was a pattern of what?
  • What is the difference in the construction of the
    earthly tabernacle and the heavenly? A. Not made
    by hands B. Eternal
  • Jesus as high priest entered what sanctuary with
    what sacrifice?
  • What is meant by Jesus having obtained eternal
    redemption for us?
  • What was the significance of , and difference
    between, cleansing by blood and water under the
    old system and the new? How does this relate to
    the death of Jesus and our cleansing today?
  • Explain why Jesus and others in the Gospels went
    to the synagogue, circumcised their male children
    of the 8th day, observed the feasts in Jerusalem
    and offfered animal sacrifices and we dont. What
    is the difference in the forgiven thief on the
    cross without being baptized and the command for
    us to be baptized.
  • Explain why we do not have to offer atoning
    sacrifices each year as the Jews did.

What the Shadows Portray
  • 1. Pharaoh --- A shadow of Satan
  • 2. Egypt --- as shadow of the slavery of sin
  • 3. The death angel the wages of sin is death
  • 4. The Passover. It depicts the death of the Lamb
    of God. The deliverance from Pharaoh and Egypt,
    Satan and the bondage of sin. Jesus is our
    Passover (I Cor. 57)
  • 5. The Crossing fo the Red Sea. The separation
    from sin at baptism and from the old life of
  • 6. The song of deliverance. The joy of
    deliverance from sin. (Ex. 1515 Cp. Acts 239
  • 7. The feast of Unleavened Bread. The clean/holy
    life to be lived after afterward.
  • 8. The wilderness of Wandering. The trials of
    life that test faithfulness between conversion
    and death

  • 9. The Feast of Pentecost or Feast of Weeks. That
    as the first fruits of harvest were offered to
    God, then He should be first in ones life
    because of great gratitude for His sustenance in
  • Jesus was the first fruits and Christians are the
    latter harvest that follows. As Jesus offered
    Himself to God, should we follow His example.

10. . Annual Atonerment Lev. 16 23 Num. 29
(10th day of the 7th monthTishri)
  • Besides other animals such as a bull for a sin
    offering for the high priest, two goats were
  • 1. The goat for Jehovah.. The atoning sacrifice
    for the peoples sin
  • 2. The goat for Azazel (removal) The putting away
    of sin in their lives

Last Feast of the year
  • 11. The Feast of Booths (Tabernacles). 7 days
    of Joy of a life lived for God.
  • Pharaoh --- a shadow of Satan Egypt a shadow
    of the the slavery of sin The Passover
    Deliverance by the death of the Lamb of God
    (14th Nisan) Unleavened Bread Purity of life
    lived for God Feast of Weeks Sustenance of the
    Redeemed Atonement Shadow two things pardon
    and removal of sin in life. (10th of Tishri)
  • Feast of Booths Joy of life lived for God (15th
    of Tishri)
  • Crossing Jordan A shadow of death
  • Entering the promised land entering the place
    of promise of Jesus after death

A comparison of the type and antitypeIn regard
to their earhtly salvation and eternal salvation
  • Pharaoh, Egypt, Moses Passover, Red Sea,
  • Satan in Sin Jesus Gospel
  • Wilderness, Jordan River, Promise land
  • Xtn life Death Heaven

Viewing The Pyramidical Sabbatical system
  • There was the weekly Sabbath celebrated each 7th
    day because God rested from creation on the 7th
    dayGen. 22-3 Ex. 1622-30 208-11
  • 1. 2 male lambs were sacrificed as burnt
    offerings, along with cereal and drink offerings.
  • 1. No work was to be done.. They were to cook
    sufficiently on the 6th day for the next. No
    traveling was to be done (Ex. 1623-30).
  • 2. Penalty for breaking the Sabbath was death
    (Ex. 3115 Nu, 1532)

The New Moon Monthly Sabbath
  • 1. Offering of 2 young bulls
  • 2. One ram and 7 male lambs a year old without
  • 3. Flour, oil and wine were also offered
  • 4. A male goat was sacrificed as a sin offering.
  • All theses offering were in addition to the
    regular daily and Sabbath offerings.
  • Num. 2811-15

The Seventh Sabbatical Month
  • 1. At the beginning of the month trumpets were
    blown signifying the beginning of a holy day
    (Lev. 2323-25 Nu. 291)
  • 2. One young bull, one ram, seven male lambs a
    year old without blemish accompanied with cereal
    offerings were offered as a pleasing odor to the
    Lord (Num. 292-6)
  • 3. According to the Jews observance of the New
    Moon Sabbath was symbolic of surrender to the
    Lord. This was called a day of gladness as
    trumpets were blown over the burnt and peace
    offerings. (Num. 1010)
  • 4. What were they to do and learn from the
    monthly sabbath?
  • 4. The Jews gradually drifted from the spiritual
    significance of the Sabbaths. Amos 84-6) Says
    that they were glad when they were ovcer so they
    could sell grain.

The 7th or Sabbatical year
  • For additional emphasis God prescribed the
    observance of a Sabbatic year for Israel (Ex.
    2310-11 Lev. 252-7) Deut. 151-18 3110-13).
  • In the seventh year the land was left unplowed,
    unsown, and unharvested by the owner. Any crops
    which germinated naturally were for the slaves to
    gather and the animals to eat (Lev. 252-7)

Jubilee or 50th Year Sabbath
  • In order for Israel to reach a pinnacle height of
    spiritual observance twice each century, God gave
    the year of Jubilee (5oth). The land was to be
    left unplowed and the people ceased from all
    physical work (Lev. 258-34 2717-24 Num.
  • The year began on the annual Atonement Day (Lev.
    1629, 259) on the 10th day of Tishra (7th
    month). It began with trumpet blowing (Lev.
    259) and with Jubilee (loud shouting). Since it
    was preceded by a sabbatical year (49th), God
    said if they were faithful He would provide an
    abundant crop year in the 6th and 48th year (Lev.
    258) and with fruit for three years Lev. 2521).
  • All land was to be returned to the original
    owner, and all indentured servants freed and
    debts forgiven (Lev. 2513-55).

Note the Accumulations of Sabbaths, special days
and years leading to the 50th year.
  • 1. Approx. 2,184 regular Sabbaths plus special
    Sabbaths (feasts). All Sabbath days in the 7th
    year and in the year of Jubilee were omitted
    because the entire year was a Sabbath of
    cessation of laborious work.
  • 2. Each year the 7th months was observed as a
    Sabbatic month.
  • 3. The 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th, 35th, 42nd, and
    49th were Sabbatic years
  • 4. The 50th year followed the 49th which meant
    two Sabbath years in a row twice per century were
    to eb observed. God would provide for them (Lev.

According to Dr. Steve Eckstein IN His book on
the Pentateuch
  • The Sabbath, seventh month, Sabbatic year, and
    Jubilee year all were joined in principle and
    should have portrayed increasingly for the
    Israelite the supremacy of the SPIRITUAL over the
    PHYSICAL.Every seventh day, he was re minded in
    cessation from labor that it was God ordained. As
    God ceased from creation (Gen. 22-3), so man
    ceased his daily work which was a means in
    contemplation of the end eternal life. Because
    of sin, the joy and blessings of God'soriginal
    creation were lost in toil, sweat, and labor. But
    each Sabbath was a reminder that God would
    eventually redeem man. Thus, every seven days he
    should have appreciated anew God's pledge of
    eternalblessing when man enters his True
    Restfellowship with God apart from sin.

The Seventh month was inaugurated by the special
holy day and blowing of trumpets. It introduced
the month in which the annual atonement and feast
of the tabernacles was celebrated. It should have
reminded the rulers, priests and nation that God
had blessed them, through the year and had
providentially met their every need. Therefore,
with the harvest complete, they were prepared in
an attitude of thanksgiving and humility to seek
His mercy in atonement despite their sin and to
prepare as a joyous nation to dwell in booths. In
like manner, the Sabbatic year was to more deeply
impress upon the spiritual man that God would
provide throughout the year SPIRITUALLY as He
most certainly had PHYSICALLY. Thus, man's sowing
and reaping each year was not an end, but simply
a means until redemption was complete.
The cessation every seven years for a YEAR (not
just a day as on the Sabbath) could not help but
deepen insight into the mercy, grace and love of
God for man. Separated from material pursuits, he
could cultivate the spiritual by meditation and
thanksgiving. It foreshadowed an eternal rest
from the physical and simultaneously depicted
eternal spiritual service to His blessed
Lord. The Jubilee year climaxed God's covenant of
redemption. Although there is no record of
national reaction in the Bible to its observance,
it should have enabled the spiritual Israelite
to perceive the eventual eternal bliss with God.
After 48 years of weekly Sabbaths, interspersed
with 48 seventh months' introducing atonement and
the feast of the tabernacles, and six sabbatic
years, the 49th year as a seventh sabbatic year
was followed by the jubilee year.
Thus for two consecutive years every fifty years,
the Israelite should have been made deeply
conscious of the SPIRITUAL and how trivial and
inconsequential were the material means of life.
God completely provided for his every need during
the three yearsa period of gracethe two while
he was devoting himself WHOLLY TO HIS CREATOR,
and during the sowing and growing of a crop in
the 51st year (Lev. 2521). Such a life for the
period must have enabled the man of faith to draw
as close to God as possible on earth in realizing
the future glory of the heavenly realm. Also, the
return of land and the freeing of slaves should
have impressed indelibly upon the individual soul
the concept that all of the earth is a means to
the end of serving God TOTALLY, ABSOLUTELY AND
All here was transitory, not eternal. It would
serve its purpose until salvation was fully
accomplished. When redemption was realized, the
land or property which he might have thought as
valuable was gone forever the service from his
fellow manno longer needed or wanted. ALL MEN
convince the doubter, who might withhold from the
needy because the jubilee was approaching that he
was not a master but a servant, the Lord said, "
To me the people of Israel are servants, they are
my servants whom I brought forth out of the land
of Egypt I am the Lord your God". (Lev. 2517,
51-55). What a marvelous provision by the Lord!
Therefore, two years of meditation, appreciation
and spiritual communion with God unhindered by
toil in the field, etc. should have made everyone
GOD CONSCIOUS and fervently desirous of eternal
life with God.
Fellow Christians! How we should recognize our
privileges and opportunities in Christ. The
truths of the sermon on the mount, and the
parables of the value of the kingdom take on new
meaning. Our citizenship is in heaven (Phil.
320 ASV)I Since our hearts are there, let us lay
up treasures there by seeking the Kingdom of God
and His righteousness FIRST (Matt. 633). Thus,
everything other than Christ and being found in
Him is refuse-garbage-loss-and should be so
counted (Phil. 37-8).
May everythinghouses, jobs, possessions,
MONEYall be used as means for the TRUE
ENDeternal life with Christ and God. Since we
live jn an era of grace, we Jive constantly in
the jubilee year IF WE CHOOSE by a RICH
so live here that we may finally by His Grace
enter the TRUE REST and serve God forever in
thanksgiving for His glorious salvation bestowed
upon us (Heb. 49-10).
Weekly Sabbath one day living for/with
God Monthly New Moon Sabbath Additional
emphasis on living wholly form God Seventh Month
one whole month living for/with God. Every
Seventh Year one whole year liivng for/with
God 49th year plus Jubilee two whole years
living depending complete on God and living for
and with Him spiritually. One must surely see the
cause for this.

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Balaam and Balak Nu. 22
  • NU. 224. And Moab said unto the elders of
    Midian, Now shall this company lick up all that
    are round about us, as the ox licketh up the
    grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor
    was king of the Moabites at that time.
  • 5. He sent messengers therefore unto Balaam the
    son of Beor to Pethor, which is by the river of
    the land of the children of his people, to call
    him, saying, Behold, there is a people come out
    from Egypt behold, they cover the face of the
    earth, and they abide over against me
  • 6. Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me
    this people for they are too mighty for me
    peradventure I shall prevail, that we may smite
    them, and that I may drive them out of the land
    for I wot that he whom thou blessest is blessed,
    and he whom thou cursest is cursed.

227. And the elders of Moab and the elders of
Midian departed with the rewards of divination in
their hand and they came unto Balaam, and spake
unto him the words of Balak. 8. And he said
unto them, Lodge here this night, and I will
bring you word again, as the Lord shall speak
unto me and the princes of Moab abode with
Balaam. 9. And God came unto Balaam, and said,
What men are these with thee? 10. And Balaam
said unto God, Balak the son of Zippor, king of
Moab, hath sent unto me, saying, 11. Behold,
there is a people come out of Egypt, which
covereth the face of the earth come now, curse
me them peradventure I shall be able to overcome
them, and drive them out.
2212. And God said unto Balaam, Thou shalt not
go with them thou shalt not curse the people
for they are blessed.13. And Balaam rose up in
the morning, and said unto the princes of Balak,
Get you into your land for the Lord refuseth to
give me leave to go with you. 14. And the
princes of Moab rose up, and they went unto
Balak, and said, Balaam refuseth to come with
us. 15. And Balak sent yet again princes, more,
and more honourable than they. 16. And they
came to Balaam, and said to him, Thus saith Balak
the son of Zippor, Let nothing, I pray thee,
hinder thee from coming unto me 17. For I will
promote thee unto very great honour, and I will
do whatsoever thou sayest unto me come
therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people.
Nu, 2218. And Balaam answered and said unto the
servants of Balak, If Balak would give me his
house full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond
the word of the Lord my God, to do less or more.
19. Now therefore, I pray you, tarry ye also
here this night, that I may know what the Lord
will say unto me more. 20. And God came unto
Balaam at night, and said unto him, If the men
come to call thee, rise up, and go with them but
yet the word which I shall say unto thee, that
shalt thou do. 21. And Balaam rose up in the
morning, and saddled his ass, and went with the
princes of Moab.
Nu. 22 22. And God's anger was kindled because
he went and the angel of the Lord stood in the
way for an adversary against him. Now he was
riding upon his ass, and his two servants were
with him 23. And the ass saw the angel of the
Lord standing in the way, and his sword drawn in
his hand and the ass turned aside out of the
way, and went into the field and Balaam smote
the ass, to turn her into the way. 24. But the
angel of the Lord stood in a path of the
vineyards, a wall being on this side, and a wall
on that side. 25. And when the ass saw the
angel of the Lord, she thrust herself unto the
wall, and crushed Balaam's foot against the wall
and he smote her again. 26. And the angel of
the Lord went further, and stood in a narrow
place, where was no way to turn either to the
right hand or to the left.
Num. 22 27. And when the ass saw the angel of
the Lord, she fell down under Balaam and
Balaam's anger was kindled, and he smote the ass
with a staff. 28. And the Lord opened the
mouth of the ass, and she said unto Balaam, What
have I done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me
these three times? 29. And Balaam said unto the
ass, Because thou hast mocked me I would there
were a sword in mine hand, for now would I kill
thee. 30. And the ass said unto Balaam, Am not
I thine ass, upon which thou hast ridden ever
since I was thine unto this day? was I ever wont
to do so unto thee? And he said, Nay. 31. Then
the Lord opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw
the angel of the Lord standing in the way, and
his sword drawn in his hand and he bowed down
his head, and fell flat on his face.
NU. 2232. And the angel of the Lord said unto
him, Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass these
three times? behold, I went out to withstand
thee, because thy way is perverse before me 33.
And the ass saw me, and turned from me these
three times unless she had turned from me,
surely now also I had slain thee, and saved her
alive. 34. And Balaam said unto the angel of
the Lord, I have sinned for I knew not that thou
stoodest in the way against me now therefore, if
it displease thee, I will get me back again.
NU. 22 35. And the angel of the Lord said unto
Balaam, Go with the men but only the word that I
shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak. So
Balaam went with the princes of Balak. 36. And
when Balak heard that Balaam was come, he went
out to meet him unto a city of Moab, which is in
the border of Arnon, which is in the utmost
coast. 37. And Balak said unto Balaam, Did I
not earnestly send unto thee to call thee?
wherefore camest thou not unto me? am I not able
indeed to promote thee to honour?
2238. And Balaam said unto Balak, Lo, I am come
unto thee have I now any power at all to say any
thing? the word that God putteth in my mouth,
that shall I speak. 39. And Balaam went with
Balak, and they came unto Kirjath-huzoth. 40.
And Balak offered oxen and sheep, and sent to
Balaam, and to the princes that were with him.
41. And it came to pass on the morrow, that
Balak took Balaam, and brought him up into the
high places of Baal, that thence he might see the
utmost part of the people.
NU 235. And the Lord put a word in Balaam's
mouth, and said, Return unto Balak, and thus thou
shalt speak. 6. And he returned unto him, and,
lo, he stood by his burnt sacrifice, he, and all
the princes of Moab. 7. And he took up his
parable, and said, Balak the king of Moab hath
brought me from Aram, out of the mountains of the
east, saying, Come, curse me Jacob, and come,
defy Israel. 8. How shall I curse, whom God
hath not cursed? or how shall I defy, whom the
Lord hath not defied? 9. For from the top of
the rocks I see him, and from the hills I behold
him lo, the people shall dwell alone, and shall
not be reckoned among the nations. 10. Who can
count the dust of Jacob, and the number of the
fourth part of Israel? Let me die the death of
the righteous, and let my last end be like his!
NU. 23 11. And Balak said unto Balaam, What
hast thou done unto me? I took thee to curse mine
enemies, and, behold, thou hast blessed them
altogether. 12. And he answered and said, Must
I not take heed to speak that which the Lord hath
put in my mouth? 13. And Balak said unto him,
Come, I pray thee, with me unto another place,
from whence thou mayest see them thou shalt see
but the utmost part of them, and shalt not see
them all and curse me them from thence. 14.
And he brought him into the field of Zophim, to
the top of Pisgah, and built seven altars, and
offered a bullock and a ram on every altar.
Nu. 2315. And he said unto Balak, Stand here
by thy burnt offering, while I meet the Lord
yonder. 16. And the Lord met Balaam, and put a
word in his mouth, and said, Go again unto Balak,
and say thus. 17. And when he came to him,
behold, he stood by his burnt offering, and the
princes of Moab with him. And Balak said unto
him, What hath the Lord spoken? 18. And he took
up his parable, and said, Rise up, Balak, and
hear hearken unto me, thou son of Zippor 19.
God is not a man, that he should lie neither the
son of man, that he should repent hath he said,
and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and
shall he not make it good?
NU. 2320. Behold, I have received commandment
to bless and he hath blessed and I cannot
reverse it. 21. He hath not beheld iniquity in
Jacob, neither hath he seen perverseness in
Israel the Lord his God is with him, and the
shout of a king is among them. 22. God brought
them out of Egypt he hath as it were the
strength of an unicorn. 23. Surely there is no
enchantment against Jacob, neither is there any
divination against Israel according to this time
it shall be said of Jacob and of Israel, What
hath God wrought!
NU. 2324. Behold, the people shall rise up as a
great lion, and lift up himself as a young lion
he shall not lie down until he eat of the prey,
and drink the blood of the slain. 25. And Balak
said unto Balaam, Neither curse them at all, nor
bless them at all. 26. But Balaam answered and
said unto Balak, Told not I thee, saying, All
that the Lord speaketh, that I must do? 27. And
Balak said unto Balaam, Come, I pray thee, I will
bring thee unto another place peradventure it
will please God that thou mayest curse me them
from thence. 28. And Balak brought Balaam unto
the top of Peor, that looketh toward Jeshimon.
29. And Balaam said unto Balak, Build me here
seven altars, and prepare me here seven bullocks
and seven rams. 30. And Balak did as Balaam had
said, and offered a bullock and a ram on every
NU. 2310. And Balak's anger was kindled against
Balaam, and he smote his hands together and
Balak said unto Balaam, I called thee to curse
mine enemies, and, behold, thou hast altogether
blessed them these three times. 11. Therefore
now flee thou to thy place I thought to promote
thee unto great honour but, lo, the Lord hath
kept thee back from honour. 12. And Balaam said
unto Balak, Spake I not also to thy messengers
which thou sentest unto me, saying, 13. If
Balak would give me his house full of silver and
gold, I cannot go beyond the commandment of the
Lord, to do either good or bad of mine own mind
but what the Lord saith, that will I speak? 14.
And now, behold, I go unto my people come
therefore, and I will advertise thee what this
people shall do to thy people in the latter days.
The End of Balaam
  • Joshua 1322. Balaam also the son of Beor, the
    soothsayer, did the children of Israel slay with
    the sword among them that were slain by them.
  • 2 Pet. 213. And shall receive the reward of
    unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure
    to riot in the day time. Spots they are and
    blemishes, sporting themselves with their own
    deceivings while they feast with you
  • 14. Having eyes full of adultery, and that
    cannot cease from sin beguiling unstable souls
    an heart they have exercised with covetous
    practices cursed children
  • 15. Which have forsaken the right way, and are
    gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son
    of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness

What Jude and John say about Balaam
  • 11. Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way
    of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of
    Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying
    of Core.
  • Rev. 2 14. But I have a few things against
    thee, because thou hast there them that hold the
    doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a
    stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to
    eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit

  • Nu. 3116. Behold, these caused the children of
    Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to commit
    trespass against the Lord in the matter of Peor,
    and there was a plague among the congregation of
    the Lord.

The Congregation sins Horribly
  • NU. 25 1. And Israel abode in Shittim, and the
    people began to commit whoredom with the
    daughters of Moab.
  • 2. And they called the people unto the
    sacrifices of their gods and the people did eat,
    and bowed down to their gods.
  • 3. And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor and
    the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel.
  • 4. And the Lord said unto Moses, Take all the
    heads of the people, and hang them up before the
    Lord against the sun, that the fierce anger of
    the Lord may be turned away from Israel.

5. And Moses said unto the judges of Israel,
Slay ye every one his men that were joined unto
Baalpeor. 6. And, behold, one of the children
of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a
Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in
the sight of all the congregation of the children
of Israel, who were weeping before the door of
the tabernacle of the congregation. 7. And when
Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron
the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the
congregation, and took a javelin in his hand 8.
And he went after the man of Israel into the
tent, and thrust both of them through, the man of
Israel, and the woman through her belly. So the
plague was stayed from the children of Israel.
9. And those that died in the plague were twenty
and four thousand.
10. And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, 11.
Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron
the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the
children of Israel, while he was zealous for my
sake among them, that I consumed not the children
of Israel in my jealousy. 12. Wherefore say,
Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace 13.
And he shall have it, and his seed after him,
even the covenant of an everlasting priesthood
because he was zealous for his God, and made an
atonement for the children of Israel. 14. Now
the name of the Israelite that was slain, even
that was slain with the Midianitish woman, was
Zimri, the son of Salu, a prince of a chief house
among the Simeonites. 15. And the name of the
Midianitish woman that was slain was Cozbi, the
daughter of Zur he was head over a people, and
of a chief house in Midian.
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