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Old-Testament Survey: The Book of Judges


Old-Testament Survey: The Book of Judges Up-and-Down Period for Israel * * * * * * * * * * Judges 17,18 * Judges 19,20 The tribe of Benjamin was practically ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Old-Testament Survey: The Book of Judges

Old-Testament SurveyThe Book of Judges
Up-and-Down Period for Israel
The Judges
  • Following Joshuas death, Israel seeks to gain
    control over Canaan.
  • They were unable to drive out the Canaanites
    whose cities were well-fortified.
  • Influence from the inhabitants of these cities
    caused Israel to commit spiritual adultery.
  • When they began worshipping Baal, the god of the
    Canaanites, God allowed the nations to oppress

The Mistakes
  • And you shall make no covenant with the
    inhabitants of this land you shall tear down
    their altars.' But you have not obeyed My voice.
    Why have you done this? Therefore I also said, 'I
    will not drive them out before you but they
    shall be thorns in your side, and their gods
    shall be a snare to you. (22,3)
  • When all that generation had been gathered to
    their fathers, another generation arose after
    them who did not know the LORD nor the work which
    He had done for Israel. (210)

The Mistakes
  • Yet they would not listen to their judges, but
    they played the harlot with other gods, and bowed
    down to them. They turned quickly from the way in
    which their fathers walked, in obeying the
    commandments of the LORD they did not do so.
  • I also will no longer drive out before them any
    of the nations which Joshua left when he died, so
    that through them I may test Israel, whether they
    will keep the ways of the LORD, to walk in them
    as their fathers kept them, or not. (221,22)

The Judges
  • Israel had no centralized government (king), no
    unified effort against her enemies.
  • Nevertheless, the LORD raised up judges who
    delivered them out of the hand of those who
    plundered them. (216)
  • Judges were more strong military leaders than
    they were court officials.

The Judges
  • Period of judges lasted over 350 years.
  • There were 15 judges.
  • For eight years, Israel served the king of
  • OTHNIEL, Calebs son-in-law, became the first
  • Under his leadership, Israel fought and defeated
    the king of Mesopotamia. They had rest for 40

The Judges
  • Eglon, king of Moab, allied himself with the
    Ammonites and Amalekites to defeat Israel. They
    served him and paid tribute for 18 years.
  • EHUD, the second judge, was left-handed. He, took
    the tribute money to Eglon, who was very fat.
  • He asked to speak with him privately, then
    stabbed him with an 18 sword. Eglons body fat
    closed over the blade of the sword.
  • Ehud escaped and led Israels army to defeat the
    Moabites. The land had rest for 80 years.

The Judges
  • SHAMGAR, the third judge, saved Israel by killing
    600 Philistines with an ox-goad.
  • Jabin, king of Canaan, oppressed Israel for 20
  • DEBORAH, the fourth judge, who was a prophetess,
    called Barak to lead Israels army against
    Sisera. He agreed to go, but only if she went
    with him.
  • They fought near Megiddo, and Israels army
    routed the Canaanites. Sisera fled on foot.
  • Israel had rest for 40 years

The Judges
  • GIDEON was the fifth judge.
  • The Midianites and Amalekites join forces and
    subdue Israel for seven years.
  • Israel flees to the mountains for safety and can
    only harvest their crops in secret.
  • God calls on Gideon to fight against the
  • At night Gideon destroys the altar of Baal.
  • God gives Gideon two signs.
  • Fleece of wool on threshing floor. Dew on fleece,
    but not on the floor.
  • Next morning, dew on floor, but not on fleece.

Battle Against the Midianites
  • 32,000 men assemble to fight the Midianites.
  • To show that Godnot the armys sizeis the
    reason for Israels victory, Gideon reduces the
  • 22,000 go home because they are afraid.
  • At the place of the water, only those who lap
    water like dogs--300 men--are picked to fight!
  • Armed with trumpets, empty pitchers, and torches
    in the pitchers, they attack.
  • The battle cry is, The sword of Jehovah and
    Gideon. The enemies panic and kill each other!
  • Israel has rest for 40 years. They seek to make
    Gideon a king, but he refuses.

More Judges
  • ABIMELECH one of Gideons 70 sons became the
    sixth judge.
  • Desiring to be king over Israel, he killed 68 of
    his brothers (only Jotham escape) and began to
    reign in Shechem.
  • Jotham gave a speech and caused the men of
    Shechem to rebel against his brother.
  • Abimelech subdues the uprising, but he is killed
    when a woman drops a millstone on his head as he
    fights against the people at Thebez.
  • He reigned for three years.

More Judges
  • TOLA, the seventh judge, ruled for 23 years.
  • JAIR, the eighth judge, ruled for 22 years.
  • JEPHTHAH, a man of valor, became the ninth judge.
  • Deprived of his inheritance because he was the
    son of a prostitute, he had been driven out of
    Gilead into the Land of Tob, where he formed a
    band of powerful, vain men.
  • When the Philistines and Ammon had oppressed them
    for 18 years, Israel called on Jephthah to rescue

More Judges
  • He consented to help them if they made him king,
    if he was victorious.
  • Jephthah promised God that if He would give him
    victory, he would sacrifice the first thing that
    came out to greet him.
  • When he returned from the victory, the first to
    greet him was his daughter. He kept his vow!
  • The Ephraimites became angry with the men if
    Gilead because they had not been asked to fight
    against the Philistines.
  • Civil war followed and 42,000 Ephraimites died.

More Judges
  • IBZAN, the tenth judge, ruled for seven years.
  • ELON, the eleventh judge, ruled for ten years.
  • ABDON, the 12th judge, ruled for eight years.
  • The Philistines oppressed Israel for 40 years.
  • The angel of the Lord promised a child to a man
    named Manaoh and his barren wife.
  • This son would not drink wine or strong drink and
    would never shave his head.

  • SAMSON, the 13th judge, rules for 20 years.
  • He falls in love with a Philistine woman from
  • He wagers--for 30 changes of clothesthat the
    Philistines cannot solve his riddle.
  • The Philistines threaten the brides parents, and
    she tells them the answer to the riddle.
  • Samson kills 30 Philistines in Ashkelon and takes
    their garments to pay the wager!

  • Samson returned to get his wife, but her father
    had given her to another man.
  • He caught 300 foxes, attached firebrands to their
    tails, and released them in the fields of the
    Philistines, destroying them.
  • Israel is forced to have Samson arrested and
    bound with ropes. They give him over to the
  • He broke the ropes, picked up the jawbone of a
    donkey, and killed 1000 Philistines!

  • Samson goes to Gaza to visit a harlot.
  • The Philistines surround the city, intending to
    kill Samson the next day.
  • At midnight, Samson leaves the city, tears down
    the city gates, and carries them to the top of a
    nearby mountain!

Samson and Delilah
  • Samson falls in love with another Philistine
    woman, Delilah.
  • The Philistines agree to pay her to find the
    source of his strength.
  • He lies to her three times, but finally tells her
    the truth--he will lose his strength if his hair
    is cut.
  • While he sleeps, she has his hair cut, binds him
    with rope, and delivers him to the Philistines.
  • They put out his eyes and place him in prison. He
    is forced to turn the millstone to grind grain.

Samsons Death
  • While he is in prison, Samsons hair begins to
    grow again.
  • The Philistines hold a great feast and bring him
    out to make sport of him.
  • They lead him between two pillars that support
    the house where they are gathered.
  • Samson prays to God and asks Him to return his
    strength so he can avenge his eyes.
  • He topples the pillars and causes the house to
    collapse, killing himself and all the
    Philistines. He kills more in death than during
    his entire life!

(No Transcript)
Personal and Tribal Idolatry
  • Stories showing the moral corruption of Gods
    people. (2125)
  • Micah builds a graven image to Jehovah and hires
    a Levite to serve the idol.
  • The tribe of Dan, unable to conquer the land that
    Joshua had given to them, sends out spies seeking
    a place to move.
  • Stopping at the house of Micah, they see the
  • The Levite tells them theyll have a profitable
    trip. Later, they steal the idol and convince the
    Levite to come with them, offering him a better

Personal and Tribal Immorality
  • A Levite who has as his concubine a harlot from
  • She runs away to her fathers home in Bethlehem.
  • Levite goes to bring her back, and on the way
    back, he stops in Gibeah.
  • The men of Gibeah take the Levites concubine and
    rape her all night.
  • The next day, the Levite cuts her body into 12
    pieces and sends the parts throughout Israel.
  • Eleven tribes determine to punish Gibeah.
    Benjamin rises to her defense.
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