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BUDDHISM What s (Not) In Your Mind? All things come at first from MIND Mind creates them, mind fulfills them Speak or act with tainted mind, You ll drag around a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Whats (Not) In Your Mind?
  • All things come at first from MIND
  • Mind creates them, mind fulfills them
  • Speak or act with tainted mind,
  • Youll drag around a cart of pain
  • All things come at first from MIND
  • Mind creates them, mind fulfills them
  • Speak or act with lucid mind
  • And joy will follow like your shadow.
  • The Dhammapada

  • The whole aim of Eastern religion is to shift
    self-identity from the light bulb to the light
  • Joseph Campbell
  • Enlightenment

Big Questions
  • How can we be happy? What prevents it?
  • To Hell in a Hand Basket or Heaven on Earth?
  • Buddhism A Raft out of Hell?
  • Did you know youre my Heros Journey?
  • Whats funny bout peace, love and understanding?
  • Dr. Buddha Dukkhalogist - 8-fold Path
  • Whats (not) in your Mind?
  • The Jewels in the What?
  • WWBK What would Buddha know?

Same Goal?
  • The only thing that is unqualifiedly good is
    extended vision, the enlargement of ones
    understanding of the ultimate nature of things
  • What is the nature of things?
  • What is the state of the world?
  • Story Birdsnest

Fire and Ice Robert Frost
  • Some say the world will end in fire.
  • Some say in ice.
  • From what Ive tasted of desire,
  • I hold with those who favor fire.
  • But if it had to perish twice,
  • I think I know enough of hate
  • To say that for destruction ice
  • Is also great,
  • And would suffice.

Fear and Desire The Only Way?
  • The Last Flower
  • Gandhi I know a way out of hell
  • Story Heaven and Hell
  • Buddha I teach suffering and the end of

The Three Poisons
  • Grasping/Desire
  • Aversion/Hatred/Fear
  • Delusion/Ignorance
  • Cause all suffering
  • Reflect Personality types

Buddhist View of Life
  • A. 6 senses - Sights, Sounds, Tastes, Smells,
    Physical perceptions, Mental perceptions
  • B. 6 accompanying consciousnesses
  • Sight and the seeing of it, etc.
  • C. 52 feeling/thought reactions/responses (26
    wise, 26 unwise) interplaying between sense
    experiences and consciousness

Wise and Unwise Responses to Life
  • Unwise/Unskillful
  • Hatred
  • Jealousy
  • Fear
  • Anger
  • etc.
  • Wise/Skillful
  • Love
  • Compassion
  • Generosity
  • Openness
  • Tranquility
  • Equanimity, etc.

Two Ways of Living
  • Unwise/Unskillful Wandering about at the whim
    of every desire, impulse, emotion, like a stick
    in a river, moody etc.
  • 2. Wise/Skillful/Enlightened intentional,
    deliberate, skillful, wise, etc.
  • Quick Write - Name a person from your life, from
    a story, or from history or news that you would
    describe as enlightened or wise and give
  • Repeat for someone unenlightened or unwise

Gandhis morning prayer
  • Let our first act in the morning be to resolve
    such as this
  • I shall not fear anyone on earth
  • I shall fear only that which is sacred
  • I will not bear ill will towards anyone
  • I shall not submit to injustice
  • I shall conquer untruth by truth
  • I shall conquer hatred by love
  • And in resting in truth I shall bear all
  • And bring freedom of spirit to my own heart and
    all those that I touch

  • Love your enemies Jesus
  • Meet physical force with soul force MLK
  • Make me an instrument of your peace St. Francis
    of Assisi
  • Buddhist Quotes page 3 in packet
  • Okay, but how?

  • Buddhism is a voyage across lifes river a
    transport from the common sense shore of
    ignorance, grasping and death to the further bank
    of wisdom and enlightenment (144).

  • What is the wisdom weve lost in knowledge?
  • Socrates poster boy for Western Wisdom what
    did he know?
  • All I know is that I do not know
  • Oracle at Delphi Know Thyself
  • What did Buddha discover?

Goal Mindfulness/Awareness/ Enlightenment
  • The more deeply we pay attention the more deeply
    we experience that we do not exist separate from
    the sunlight or the clouds or the earthwormsTo
    the extent that we have learned to grasp and
    identify with this limited life, we suffer. The
    amount of our identification with it is our
    delusion, our suffering. Jack Kornfield

Big Ideas
  1. Its all in the MIND Consciousness/
  2. Life is suffering caused by 1) Selfish Desire/
    Grasping, 2) Fear/ Aversion, and 3) Ignorance/
  3. Empty Self thru 8fold Path, Middle Way
  4. The Jewel is in the Lotus
  5. Buddha nature and the Nirvanic World

  • "What are you"?
  • "I am Awake
  • "Buddha" the Awakened, the Enlightened
  • Siddhartha Gautama
  • 563-483 B.C.E.
  • Nepal/India
  • Sakyamuni (silent sage)
  • Wisdom Incarnate

The Man Who Woke Up
  • A man judged by hundreds of millions of people,
    from Ceylon Sri Lanka to Japan, and throughout
    large sections of the Asian mainland, to have
    exerted by his intellectual integrity, moral
    persuasiveness and spiritual insight, the most
    pervasive influence on the thought and life of
    the human race. Del Byron Schneider
  • "The rest of us dream the dream known as the
    awakened state of human life"

Classic Heros Journey
  • I. Prince, 4 Passing Sights, Great Going Forth
    Quest, find the cause of suffering
  • II. Finds Middle Way, Temptations
  • Enlightenment under Bodhi Tree finds cause and
    end of suffering
  • III. Returns with a mission to preach a religion
    of wisdom and compassion

Four Passing Sights
  • Journal Mindblower
  • old man - aging
  • sick people - disease
  • corpse - death
  • monk - withdrawal
  • "Life is subject to age and death - where is the
    realm of life in which there is neither?"
  • Fleshly pleasures lose their charm, so at 29 goes
    into forest

The Great Going Forth
  • Learns Raja Yoga w
  • Hindu Gurus
  • Tries austerity of ascetics - didn't work to
    bring enlightenment, but did lead him to
    principle of
  • The Middle Way like a string on an instrument

  • Sits under peepul/Bo tree (bodhiknowledge) Gaya
    in NE India
  • Vows - Let my skin and sinews and bones become
    dry. all the flesh and blood in my body dry up,
    but never from this seat will I stir, until I
    have attained the supreme and absolute wisdom.

  • (like Christs on the eve of his ministry)
  • 1. Kama - desire - babes
  • 2. Mara - death - empties finite self
  • Mara challenges his right to be there - Buddha
    touches the earth to bear witness
  • Lost in rapture for 7 days, tries to get up,
    overcome by waves of bliss, stays 7x7 days
  • 3. Mara appeals to reason, don't go back - "How
    show what can only be found, teach what can only
    be learned? Buddha replies Some will

  • Lives message
  • Preaches 50 years - withdraws
  • 6 yrs, preaches 45.
  • 3 mos, preaches 9.
  • 3x/day
  • Dies c.483 B.C. at 80
  • Last words - "Work out your own salvation with

The Silent Sage
  • Sakyamuni - silent sage of the Sakya Clan
  • One of the greatest personalities of all time
  • Wisdom incarnate - cool head/ rational (like
    Socrates) and warm heart of infinite
    compassion(like Francis)
  • transforming presence - moved among kings and
    villagers with equal ease, took no notice of

The Rebel Saint
  • Unlike Hinduism, Buddhism sprang fully formed as
    an Indian Protestantism against Hindu perversions
  • 6 Common Elements of Religion that were corrupted
  • 1.      Authority
  • 2.      Ritual (People danced out their
    religion before they thought it out)
  • 3.      Speculation metaphysics
  • 4.      Tradition
  • 5.      Grace
  • 6.      Mystery
  • What started was a religion almost entirely
    devoid of each of these ingredients without which
    we would suppose that religion could not take

Original Buddhism
  • Empirical - know for yourself, validate
  • Scientific - cause and effect experiments
  • Practical - not speculative
  • Therapeutic - suffering and its end
  • Psychological v. metaphysical - began with
    human problems instead of universe
  • Egalitarian - women equal, caste breaking
  • Individuals - Be lamps unto yourselves, work out
    your own salvation with diligence

Numerical too and Useful
  • 2 Ways of Living
  • 3 Poisons
  • 3 Marks of Existence
  • 3 Jewels
  • 4 Noble Truths
  • 4 Foundations of Mindfulness
  • 5 Precepts
  • 5 Skandhas
  • 5 Hindrances
  • 6 Senses
  • 6 Accompanying Consciousnesses
  • 6 Moments of Dukkha
  • 7 Factors of Enlightenment
  • 8 Fold Path
  • 52 Skillful and Unskillful Responses To Life
  • "Suffering have I explained - for this is useful
  • its cause, destruction and path that leads to its

Kalama Sutta
  • "Do not accept what you hear by report, do not
    accept tradition, do not accept a statement
    because it is found in our books, nor because it
    is in accord with your beliefs, not because it is
    the saying of your teacher. Be lamps unto
    yourselves. Those who either now or after I am
    dead, still rely upon themselves only and not
    look for assistance to anyone besides themselves,
    it is they who will reach the topmost height.

The Four Noble TruthsBuddhas First Sermon
Dr. Buddha - Dukkhalogist
  • Symptom Dukkha suffering, transitory, finite
    existence, life out of joint
  • Diagnosis Tanha cause of suffering is
    desire/selfish craving based on egoism. Private
    fulfillment increases separateness. Tanha -
    always present when suffering is present, always
    absent when suffering is absent
  • Prognosis To cure Dukkha, get rid of Tanha -
    release from the narrow limits of self-interest
    into vast expanse of human life How?
  • Remedy/Prescription The Eightfold Path

Mindfulness Journal Quick Writes
  • 1. Who do you surround yourself with? List
    people who enlighten you, people who drag you
  • 2. Write about a moment you had today when you
  • Anxious, stressed, nervous, dissatisfied,
    wanting, etc. OR
  • Peaceful, calm, relaxed, fulfilled, happy, etc.

More Mindfulness Journal Quickies
  • Stop and listen what are you aware of about
    yourself or your surroundings of which you
    werent aware until you paid attention?
  • 4. What is most on your mind?
  • 5. What are you aware of about yourself or your
    world at this point of your life of which you
    were not aware as a child?

Dukkha life out of joint
  1. Trauma of birth
  2. Sickness
  3. Aging
  4. Fear of death
  5. Being tied to what you hate
  6. Being separated from what you love

The Remedy - The Eightfold Path
  • intentional living, rather than pulled and pushed
    by impulse and circumstance
  • series of changes designed to release the
    individual from ignorance, impulse and Tanha
  • Preliminary - Begin with Right Association - yoke
    wild elephant to tamed

The Eightfold Path Right
  1. Belief Noble Truths make up mind, then
  2. Intent - Make up our hearts, dedicate
  3. Speech 3 switches control us, become aware of
    what our speech reveals about us, of how many
    times and why we deviate from truth or kindness,
    of motives
  4. Conduct - understand motives before trying to
    change behavior - how generous/selfless, follow 5
  5. Livelihood - what occupies our time. Promote life
  6. Effort Middle Way, slow and steady, like an ox
  7. Mindfulness Be aware, awake, conscious
  8. Concentration - Raja Yoga regeneration - change
    into a new creature who experiences the world in
    different way.

Five Precepts
  • Buddhist version of the Ten Commandments (2nd
  • Knowing how deeply our lives intertwine, I
    undertake the training to abstain from
  • Killing living beings
  • Taking things not given
  • Sexual misconduct
  • False speech
  • Intoxicating drinks and drugs

All in your Mind?
  • The Dhammapada "All we are is the result of
    what we have thought." "All things can be
    mastered by mindfulness.
  • There is nothing either good or bad but thinking
    makes it so Hamlet
  • For Buddha ignorance, not sin, is the offender -
    sin is prompted by fundamental ignorance of our
    true nature

  • Continuous self-awareness/examination -
    freedom from unconscious, robot-like existence
  • See everything as it is - "If we maintain a
    steady attention to our thoughts and feelings, we
    perceive that they swim in and out of our
    awareness, and are in no way permanent parts of
  • "We should witness all things non-reactively,
    especially our moods and emotions, neither
    condemning some nor holding onto others."

Ways to practice Mindfulness
  • Meditate on fearful and disgusting sights until
    they no longer bother us or repel us
  • Pervade world with thoughts of loving kindness
  • become aware of every action - when sleep takes
    over, whether breath is in or out
  • special routine for complete withdrawal
  • Packet page 17 and 18
  • Mindfulness Experiment - Speech and Action

Buddha's Insights
  • 1. Every emotion, thought or image is
    accompanied by a body sensation and vice versa
  • 2. Obsessive patterns arise in mind and these
    constitute misery/dukkha
  • 3. Every mental and physical state is in flux,
    none is solid and enduring, even pain - each is
    comprised of series of discrete sensations that
    can suddenly change.
  • 4. We have little control over our minds and
    physical sensations
  • 5. There is nobody behind the mental/physical
  • No Self? No Observer? What up wit dat?

3 Marks of Existence
  1. Anicca - transitoriness/impermanence
  2. Dukkha suffering
  3. Anatta - absence of permanent identity/soul

  • All Things Must Pass by George Harrison
  • Sunrise doesnt last all morning
  • A cloudburst doesnt last all day
  • Seems my love has up and has left you with no
  • Its not always going to be this wayAll things
    must passAll things must pass away
  • Sunset doesnt last all eveningA mind can blow
    those clouds awayAfter all this, my love is up
    and must be leavingIts not always going to be
    this grey

Anicca - Impermanence
  • All Things Must Pass
  • Regard this world
  • As a star at dawn,
  • a bubble in a stream,
  • a flash of lightning
  • in a summer cloud,
  • a flickering lamp
  • a phantom - and a dream.
  • This applies to the self too hence

Anatta No Soul doctrine
  • No soul/permanent self. What gets reborn?
  • Bad habits Desire/Fear threads each life to
    past and future
  • No spiritual substance/soul transmitted - but
    ideas, impressions, feelings, consciousness,
  • Desires and dislikes influencing my mind have
  • Not bound by personal history - can break the
    chain through will

Karma, Tanha, Samsara,
  • Buddha's reincarnation differed from Hindus who
    attribute rebirth to Karma
  • Buddhists to Tanha - "as long as the wish to be a
    separate self persists, that wish would be
    granted. Desire is key - it is possible to step
    permanently out of the cycle of rebirth whenever
    one wished wholeheartedly to do so."

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  • Arhat who extinguishes all desires - reborn
    doesn't apply, not reborn doesn't apply.
  • Response to disciple You ought to be bewildered
    - this is "profound, recondite, hard to
    comprehend, rare, excellent, beyond dialectic,
    subtle, only to be understood by the wise."
  • Supra-sonic?
  • "blow out/extinguish" boundaries of finite self,
    left w/ boundless life

  • Far transcends the power of words - individual
    awareness is eclipsed in the blazing light of
    total awareness like a star at sunrise
  • "Some say the dewdrop slips into the shining sea
    - others prefer to think of the dewdrop opening
    to receive the sea itself.
  • "life of the Arhat is of increasing independence
    from the causal order of nature
  • Spiritual freedom brings largeness of life -
    Buddha "embodied more of reality.
  • If increased freedom brings increased being,
    total freedom brings BEING itself.

Big Raft and Little
  • Schism (split) btw Mahayana Theravada
  • Two Schools - both Yana - raft or ferry - both
    claim to carry people across life's shores to
  • Maha - great, (Mahatma - Great souled), Hina -
  • Mahayana - "Buddhism for the people" - Big Raft -
    linked to the Buddha's "Great Renunciation"
  • Hinayana - Little Raft - Theravada - Way of the
    Elders - linked to teachings in text

There Are Two Kinds of People?
  • 1. Are people dependent or interdependent
  • 2. Is the universe friendly/helpful or
  • 3. Is the best part of a human being the head or
    the heart? -Classicists rank thoughts above
    feelings, Romantics the opposite

Theraveda / Hinayana Mahayana
Where Sri Lank, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia China, Korea, Japan, Tibet
How Buddhas vision of society Monarchy, monastic community (Sangha), laity Grafted onto pre-existent civilizations
Focus Wisdom Compassion
Buddhas Example Entering Nirvana Great Renunciation of Nirvana to preach
The Ideal Arhat holy monk who remains in Nirvana after death Bodhisattva (wisdom being) who passes up Nirvana and vows to help all beings achieve enlightenment
Goal Attainment of Nirvana requires constant attention of monks, support of laity Religious practice is relevant to everyone

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  • One whose Being (Sattva) is
  • Illumination (Bodhi)
  • Focus on Buddhas renunciation of Nirvana to
    teach on his compassion
  • Buddha as saint

  • School of Buddhist thought and training in Japan
  • Zen Japanese mispronuncing of
  • Chan Chinese mispronuncing of
  • Dhyana Sanskrit for contemplation
  • Special transmission outside scripture
  • from Buddha mind to
  • Buddha mind a succession
  • of teachers

The Lotus Sermon
  • Buddha holds a golden lotus understood by none
    except Mahakayapa passes down in India through
    28 patriarchs and carried to China in 520 A.D. by

Words, Words, Words
  • like stepping through Alice's looking glass -
    topsy-turvy wonderland
  • Designed to break limits of normal human
    reason/logic, (Logic is a ladder), to blast
    through limitations of language words are
  • Beyond words and ideas to experiences and
    realization (Enlightenment)
  • Satori

Three aspects of Zen Training
  • 1. Zazen seated meditation
  • 2. Koan logic-breaking riddles
  • 3. Sanzen conference with master validates,
    encourages, corrects

  • shortest one night, longest 12 years.
  • What is the sound of one hand clapping?
  • Reason is limited, a ladder too short to reach to
    truths full heights and must be supported by
    another way of knowing
  • Zen intends to upset the mind, unbalance it and
    eventually provoke revolt against limits of
    logic. Koan provokes, excites, exasperates and
    eventually exhausts the mind, reducing it to an
    impasse must count on a sudden flash of insight

Satori - Enlightenment
  • See beings amazingness
  • each equally a manifestation of
  • the infinite trees, leaves, _at_stick
  • Life is Beautiful
  • Jewel is in the Lotus, (X in O)
  • Unity of Buddha nature within
  • w/ Nirvanic world without
  • widen the doors of perception so that the wonder
    of the Satori experience can flood the everyday

Zens Influence on Japan
  • Landscape painting
  • Landscape gardening rock gardens
  • Martial arts
  • Tea Ceremony
  • Haiku

  • I look in a dragonflys eye
  • And see the mountains Over my shoulder
  • The flower I saw
  • Drift back to the branch
  • Was a butterfly

  • Exp. of oneness with all,
  • bliss thru self-emptying, transformative
    experience of seeing world differently
  • The Art of Attention
  • Kobe, Curt, Caddyshack, Karate Kid
  • Love, and do what you will St. Augustine
  • If you cant find enlightenment in
  • doing the dishes

Tibetan Buddhism
  • Mandala

  • Nirvana in single life-use all hum. energies
  • Sounds, sights, motion can distract, but it
    doesnt follow that they must.
  • Channel physical energies into currents that
    carry spirit forward instead of derailing it.
  • Mantras convert noise and distracting chatter
    into holy formulae
  • Mudras choreographed hand gestures
  • Mandalas treat the eyes to icons whose holy
    beauty draws the beholder in their direction

Prayer Flags
  • Om Mane Padme Hung
  • The Jewel is in the Lotus
  • Also a form of the name for the Bodhisattva of

The Dalai Lama
  • Bodhisattva not pope or god-king
  • Incarnates compassion
  • Uninterrupted current of spiritual influence
  • As rainforests are to the earths atmosphere,
    someone has said, so are the Tibetan people to
    the human spirit in this time of its planetary
    ordeal (144).

The Three Jewels (Vows)
  1. I take refuge in the Buddha
  2. I take refuge in the Dharma (8-fold path)
  3. I take refuge in the Sangha (community of

The Crossing
  • After reaching the other shore leave raft, 5
    precepts, 8fold path, dukkha, karma, nirvana
    all vital to those crossing, but lose relevance
    to those who have arrived as a raft does on land.
  • World is an activity of Nirvana itself not the
    slightest distinction exists between them
  • good and evil disappear
  • Earth is the lotus land, this body is Buddhas
  • Bodhisattvas vow not to enter Nirvana until the
    grass itself be enlightened.
  • River connects the banks, rather than divides
  • Buddhism prominent in all Asian lands except
    India, which subsumed it, Buddhism sank back into
    the stream

Thich Nhat Hanh
  • Vietnamese Zen Monk
  • Nominated by MLK in 1967 for Nobel Peace Prize
    for work rebuilding villages destroyed in Vietnam
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