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Feminist Theology


Feminist Theology Must God Be Male? Feminist Theology Feminist theology, as a theology of liberation, is concerned about exposing this false universalism [the idea ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Feminist Theology

Feminist Theology
  • Must God Be Male?

Feminist Theology
  • Feminist theology, as a theology of liberation,
    is concerned about exposing this false
    universalism the idea that the masculine
    experience applies to everyone and
    reinterpreting the experiences of women.
  • Valerie Saiving Goldstein from Jacquelyn Grant
  • "Feminism is a social vision, rooted in women's
    experience of sexually based discrimination and
    oppression, a movement seeking the liberation of
    women from all forms of sexism, and an academic
    method of analysis being used in virtually every
  • Anne M. Clifford

Types of Feminist Theology
  • There are three basic types of feminist
  • Revolutionary Feminist Theology
  • Reformist Feminist Theology
  • Reconstructionist Feminist Theology

Waves of Feminists Theology
First Wave of Feminists
  • First wave of feminism developed in 19th
    century. In the US the first major event was the
    Womens Rights Convention in 1848 in Seneca
    Falls, NY. It continued on until 1920 when women
    gained the right to vote.

Firs wave of feminist in Europe
Womens Rights Convention http//nmaa-ryder.si.ed
Second Wave of Feminists
  • Second wave of feminism It is traced to the
    adoption of the United Nations of the charter to
    eliminate discrimination against women in 1967.

Third Wave of Feminists
  • Third wave of feminism This movement is traced
    to the International Womens Year which
    launched the UN Decade of Women. It also
    became clear that women in different parts of the
    world experience discrimination differently
    (womanist, mujerista, etc)

Feminist Theologies Explained
  • Revolutionary Feminist Theology
  • Wants to totally revolutionize Christian
    theology it advocates worship of Goddess and
    woman centered culture among other things. A
    male centered God is problematic and
    Christianity is irredeemable.
  • Reformist Feminist Theology
  • Advocates modest changes in the current church
    structure, usually believes in the more
    traditional aspects of Christian theology but
    oppose gender bias and unequal power.
  • Reconstructionist Feminist Theology
  • Recognizes that the church must undergo a
    thorough change beyond merely sharing power with
    men and at the same time maintain Christian

Christian Feminist Reconstructionists
  • Main Points

The Self
  • 1. Conscientization
  • This term is used especially in mujerista or
    "latina." In feminist theology one validates ones
    experiences. The experiences of women have been
    negated or downplayed by the patriarchal
    structure. To this end one is also sensitive to
    the experiences of others that are different from
    one's own. is. Patriarchy and androcentrism
    (male centered description) are sins. When
    people suffer because of their race, ethnicity,
    gender, class, age, status, sexual orientation it
    is sin. Therefore, social location is very

The Interpretation
  • 2. Hermeneutics
  • The Bible is interpreted in light of whether or
    not it liberates women and men. If the text does
    not liberate then "it either must not be true or
    has been misinterpreted." The hermeneutics
    (interpretation) of the Bible and church
    practices are "detecting" patriarchal and
    androgynous tendencies. Therefore, one looks at
    language, depictions of women and men, parables,
    etc. in light of women's liberation from
    oppression and to the end of empowering women.

The Practice
  • 3. Praxis
  • This theology is rooted in praxis. One needs to
    work at liberating women. One must take concrete
    steps to eradicate the oppressive structures.
    One works in the church and in society. " . . .
    Christian feminist theologies take up the love
    command of Jesus, recognizing that actively
    loving one's neighbors, especially those most in
    need, cannot separate them from the love of God .
    . . "

Womanist Theology
  • Aint I a Woman

Womanist Theology Defined
  • A womanist is sometimes referred to as a Black
    feminist. Womanist theology is rooted in the
    experience of Black women who have had triple
    oppression (race, gender, class).
  • The term womanist was coined by Alice Walker in
    her book In Search of Our Mothers Gardens

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