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Late Middle Ages


Late Middle Ages c. 1300 c. 1500 Late Middle Ages an age of plague, famine, war, social uprisings plague: first appeared in Italy in 1347 and spread to the rest ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Late Middle Ages

Late Middle Ages
  • c. 1300 c. 1500

Late Middle Ages
  • an age of plague, famine, war, social uprisings
  • plague first appeared in Italy in 1347 and
    spread to the rest of Europe. It killed more than
    a third of Europes seventy million people. It is
    also called black death by the 16th century
  • War the Hundred Years War between England and
    France (1337-1453) the heroic figure of Joan of
    Arc (1412-1431)

Late Middle Ages
  • Result of plague, war, and famine
  • Depopulation
  • Decline of the towns
  • Migration of rich to the country and poor to the
  • Peasants leave the land to meet labor demand in
    the towns

Late Medieval Religion
  • Response to plague results in
  • Increase in piety, though in many forms
  • Extreme asceticism
  • Criticism of the church from dissidents
  • Rise of the Inquisition

Late Middle Ages
  • The devotio moderna, a lay movement with an ideal
    of a pious lay society, disappointed with
    traditionally trained priests, engaged in ascetic
    practices the flagellants
  • the Inquisition, born in the aftermath of the
    Albigensian heresy in the 12th century. Forbidden
    by the Bible to shed blood, the leaders of the
    Inquisition burned convicted heretics.
  • The debate in theology and philosophy

Debate in Theology/Philosophy
  • Separation of reason and faith
  • via moderna
  • Rationalists (Latin Averroists, Peter Abelard)
  • William of Ockham
  • Nominalism
  • combination of reason and faith
  • via antiqua
  • Thomism
  • Duns Scotus
  • Dominican friars
  • Realism

Duns Scotus
Duns Scotus
  • John Duns Scotus (c.1265-1308) is one of the most
    important thinkers in the history of Christian
    thought, and an aspect of that thought is
    crucially relevant to our world today. More known
    as a philosopher of great insight and perception,
    his primary contribution to theology is little
    known outside the Franciscan order, yet is one of
    the most dynamically creative moments in the
    development of Franciscan theology and
    spirituality .

Duns Scotus
  • Though a profound theological and philosophical
    thinker, Scotus was first and foremost a
    Franciscan. His doctrine of the Incarnation (more
    fully known as the Doctrine of the Absolute
    Primacy of Christ in the Universe) is firmly
    rooted in the Franciscan intellectual and
    spiritual tradition

Duns Scotus
  • In the Absolute Primacy, Christ is the beginning,
    middle and end of creation. He stands at the
    centre of the universe as the reason for its
    existence. In this schema, the universe is for
    Christ and not Christ for the universe
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