Globalization and Global Problems (Chapter 13) in Social Problems in Canada - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Globalization and Global Problems (Chapter 13) in Social Problems in Canada


Globalization and Global Problems (Chapter 13) in Social Problems in Canada Presented by: Hesam Seyedi & Gopal Question: What is Globalization? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Globalization and Global Problems (Chapter 13) in Social Problems in Canada

Globalization and Global Problems (Chapter 13)
in Social Problems in Canada
  • Presented by Hesam Seyedi Gopal

  • What is Globalization?

Globalization Discussed
  • "The simple definition of globalization is the
    interweaving of markets, technology, information
    systems and telecommunications systems in a way
    that is shrinking the world from a size medium to
    a size small, and enabling each of us to reach
    around the world farther, faster, deeper, and
    cheaper than ever before, and enabling the world
    to reach into each of us farther, faster, deeper,
    cheaper than ever before. That's what
    globalization is." - Thomas Friedman

The Extent of Globalization
  • Princess Diana Death
  • "An English princess with an Egyptian boyfriend
    crashes in a French tunnel, driving a German car
    with a Dutch engine, driven by a Belgian who was
    drinking Scottish whiskey, followed closely
    byItalian Paparazzi, on Japanese motorcycles,
    treated by an American doctor, using Brazilian
    medicines!And this is sent to you by a Canadian,
    using Bill Gates' technology which he got from
    the Japanese
  • And you are probably reading this on one of
    the IBM clones that use Philippine-made chips,
    and Korean made monitors, assembled by
    Bangladeshi workers in a Singapore plant,
    transported by lorriesdriven by
    Indians, transported by Indonesians and finally
    sold to you by a Chinese!
  • And this Presentation is being presented by an
    Iranian and a Bengali
  • Thats Globalization !!

Globalization and Global Problems
  • Globalization Means Different things to Different
    People Globalization alarms people, reassures
    others, confuses most people 
  • Globalization as Economic Prosperity, Market
    Fundamentalism, Globalization as an Connector
    Instrument, Globalization as Democracy
  • Three Conundrums of Globalization 1) How does
    economic integration not lead to
    social disintegration 2) How to maintain/ create
    social cohesiveness on shared values on mutual
    commitment and trust but also through the
    distribution of benefits 3) How to balance an
    intrusive government intervention and unregulated
    market forces

Globalization and Global Problems (contd)
  • Haves vs. Have-Nots The economic balkanization
    of the haves and have-nots are often the
    byproducts of fate. The "lucky" ones are born in
    the right time and right place, while the unlucky
    ones (majority of the world) are born in the
    wrong place and time. Often time, the policies
    that is supporting capitalism, and perpetuating
    the economic destitution and hopelessness of the
    "have-nots" resort to violence to try to rip the
    capitalistic system down.
  • Integration, or Division? Globalization is
    producing lots of contradictions. Perhaps its
    biggest paradox is why does globalization - a
    process that promises to unite the world under
    prosperity and success - fostering such a
    huge division? The coming-togetherness of
    globalization is a hard logic to stomach, when
    there are many conflicts emerge, like the open
    vs. tradition bound societies, a conflict between
    rule of law state and lawless territories, and
    also between modest cultures and excessive

  • Phenomenon of Globalized Problems
  • (1) Prospects for peace is undermined because war
    emerges from conflicts involving genocide and
    intercommunal massacres
  • 2) poverty and inequality emerge, a situation
    where both rich and poor live side-by-side
    nationally and internationally
  • 3) the problem of sustainable development and
    management of global environment
  • 4) a society will have to control its own
    destiny, and set-out an agenda of priorities,
    which will have to factor-in globalizing forces

Tensions of Racism in Globalized Cities
  • Globalized Cities Mass migration (for better
    economic and political opportunities) means that
    interaction between people of different
    ethnicities/ races and creeds will become
    commonplace. They will occupy the same place, and
    this will provoke extreme reactions (either an
    accommodative one, or one of racism, hate and
  • ltltltltltltltltltRacism in Football Clipgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgt

  • Since Toronto is known as the most ethnically
    diverse city in the world, its successfully
    been able to alleviate racism and all its
    stereotypical offshoots?
  • Think Is there serious problem of racism in
    Toronto? Would what goes on in Europe, i.e.
    Arab-African riots in France/ Racism in Football,
    happen here?

Framing the Problem
  • Disarrayed World The global drive for growth is
    laying waste to a planet that cannot possibly
    sustain a consumer-driven lifestyle without
  • United Nations Human Development Report
    Statistics (i.e. nearly 1 billion are illiterate)
  • Global Apartheid This enormous gap between the
    rich and the poor is moving towards a global
    apartheid where extremes of power and wealth are
    placed into geographically segregated zones to
    create an apartness
  • Tribalism, xenophobia, and ethnic chauvinism
  • Who is to blame for the social problems in the
    developing world?
  • Globalization is Colonialism by another name?
  • Raging Debate about Globalization? Good or bad?

Framing the Problem (contd)
  • Globalization Brings Forth Benefits (economic
    benefits for the rich) and Costs (human costs and
  • Cultural diversity, social security, ecological
    sensitive practices are becoming displaced by
    global governance that praises commercialism,
    consumerism and a culture of disenchantment
  • The structural forces (i.e. IMF Liberalization
    Programmes) and government polices (i.e. policies
    that weaken the social safety net in favour of
    privatization) that perpetuate patterns of
    dependency and underdevelopment must shoulder the
  • Westernization Globalization? Ramifications for
    3rd-World Countries

Globalization Problem or Solution?
  • Globalization as Redefining Change Just like the
    Industrial Revolution, globalization entails
    radical change. Pundits emphasize different
    features of globalization to stress the kind of
    changes that globalization brings.
  • Globalization as a Solution Communication allows
    the world to be a global village free movement
    of capital/ investment allows for well-needed
    funding of underdeveloped industries in
    underdeveloped countries
  • Globalization as a Problem ruin third world
    economy international division of labour
    increase the economic discrepancy between
    classes monoculturalism

Reactions to Globalization
  • Globalization, Promoter of Strong Reaction
    Protests, Terrorism
  • Concerns About Globalization Foremost in these
    fears are over unbridled American power, might of
    big business, pace of economic change, growing
    divide between rich and poor, failure of state to
    regulate market fundamentalism, regional
  • Commoditization of Everything Consequently, a
    system that is so hell-bent out on defining
    everything by the market will have a market value
    (everything is fitted into a supply and demand
  • Triumph of Liberalism Globalization is packed
    with a liberal ideology, which preaches
    individualism (as opposed to collectivism),
    rationality (as opposed to tradition) and
    progress (as opposed to backward-oriented

Reactions to Globalization (contd)
  • Benefits of Globalization Benefits are fourfold
    (1) Expanded pie vision so that everyones lot is
    improving (2) information penetration which will
    undermine elite control while creating a
    real-time information economy (3) a universal
    solvent vision that washes away autocratic
    regimes through trade liberalization and foreign
    investment (4) peace dividend by weaving
    interdependencies between nation-states (i.e. in
    particular, democratic peace theory that
    democracies dont go to war with one another)
  • Information Age Globalization has been also
    synonymous with the information age
  • Outsourcing Outsourcing occurs when companies
    find a nation, where they do business, that is
    cheap (in labour wages) and considered
  • ltltltltltltltltltltltltltltltltltOUTSOURCING CLIPgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgt

  • Multi-dimensional Globalization Globalization is
    multidimensional, it is an economic phenomenon
    political phenomenon cultural social disruption
    and communicative
  • Globalization is a Bourgeoisie Process
    Globalization is defined as the geographic
    penetration of capitalist market relations into
    new sites of production in relentless quest of
  • Four Implications that Follow 1) Globalization
    constitutes an international system of exchange
    with its own set of rules, logic, structures and
    procedures (there is a significant increase in
    cross-national flows of trade, investment, and
    technology that reflects and reinforces a global
    division of labour (2) Globalization goes beyond
    a simple economic shift created by the
    cross-border exchanges of high technology,
    instantaneous communication, investment, reduced
    subsidies, and free trade 3) the ascendancy of
    globalization has compelled a rethinking of what
    society is for 4) the interplay of world
    economic markets and globalization has undermined
    conventional thinking about national sovereignty
  • Common Theme of Globalization The common theme
    is that globalization offers both the prospects
    of great benefits, but these benefits are often
    overshadowed by the human costs and consequences.
    Globalization is a double-edged sword.

Transnational Corporations Engines of Injustice
Or Catalyst for Growth? 
  • What is a transnational corporation? A
    corporation that is generally based in an
    affluent country and has branches, networks,
    productions or affiliations placed
    internationally. A corporation whose profit
    making and production tentacles has no limits,
    reaching anywhere in the world. 60,000
    Transnational corporations drives Globalization
    with more than half a million overseas
    affiliates, accounting for about one-quarter of
    total global output
  • By the late 1990s 51 of the top 100 economies in
    the world were transnational corporations.

51 Out of Top 100 Economies, Are TNCs
  • 23) General Motors 176,558.00 ( million)
  • 24) Denmark174,363.0025 WalMart 166,809.0026 (
  • 25) Exxon Mobil 163,881.0027 ( million)
  • 26) Ford Motor 162,558.0028 ( million)
  • 27) Daimler Chrysler159,985.70 ( million)
  • http//

TNCs (contd)
  • How much money do they make? Just the combined
    revenue of the 200 largest corporations is 7.1
    trillion which is greater than that of the 182
    nation-states that have responsibility for the
    livelihood of 80 of humanity.
  • What is so bad about transnational
    corporations? enrich themselves at the expense of
    the poor destroy local industries control and
    perpetuate the exploitation of people consumers
    perpetuating and expanding unjust globalized
  • Good Side of TNC Extremely efficient profit
    generating machines revitalize economies can
    propel development spill-over effect
    technological transfers
  • How have transnational corporations come to
    power? countries are absorbed into a capitalist
    world system consumers perpetuating and
    expanding unjust globalized practices etc.
  • ltltltltltltltltltltltThe Corporation Clipgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgt

  • How much blame can we place on ourselves for the
    expansion of transnational corporations in its
    unjust globalized practices? (Keeping in mind
    that we are the consumers of these tainted goods
    and services who these corporations profit from)
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