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The Cultural Geography of Latin America


The Cultural Geography of Latin America Unit 3 Chapter 9 I. Section I Population Patterns A. Human Characteristics Blending of People Indigenous People the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cultural Geography of Latin America

The Cultural Geography of Latin America
  • Unit 3 Chapter 9

I. Section I
  • Population Patterns

A. Human Characteristics
  • Blending of People
  • Indigenous People the areas native people
  • European settlers
  • Mostly Spanish Portuguese
  • Also Italians, British, French, Germans
  • Asian settlers on many of the islands
  • Language
  • Most countries have Spanish as their primary
  • Brazil Portuguese
  • Some English some French countries
  • Dialects different versions of the same

B. Where Latin Americans Live
  • South Americas Populated Rim
  • Densely populated area around the continents
    edges (coasts)
  • Why do you think that people live here instead of
    the continents interior?
  • Population Density
  • Varies greatly throughout Latin America!
  • Look at the map on pg. 184

C. Migration
  • Migrating North
  • Many people try to enter the U.S. looking for a
    better life
  • California, Texas, New York, Illinois, Florida
    have the highest populations of immigrants
  • Internal Migration
  • Rapid urbanization

D. Growth of Cities
  • Urban Setting
  • Megacities cities with more than 1 million
  • Primate City influences other cities
  • Mexico City 18 Million
  • List 5 reasons people would move to a city
  • List at least 5 problems this overcrowding can
  • 4 of the 20 largest population cities in the
    world are located in this region!
  • 2 Mexico City, Mexico
  • 4 Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 10 Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 19 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Make sure you read pgs. 218-219!

II. Section II
  • History Government

A. Native American Empires
  • 3 Native Groups
  • Maya
  • A.D. 250 - 900
  • S. Mexico N. Central America
  • Tikal (Guatemala) was their greatest city
  • Skilled in math
  • Developed a symbol for zero
  • Created a calendar based on 365 days!
  • Conquered by the Spanish

Native American Empires (Cont.)
  • Aztec
  • A.D. 1300
  • Tenochtitlan capital city now Mexico City
  • Grew beans rice on chinampas floating islands
  • Developed a class system
  • Spanish defeated them

Native American Empires (Cont.)
  • Inca
  • A.D. 1300
  • Cuzco capital city Peru
  • Cut terraces in the Andes mountains to grow crops
  • Built irrigation systems to bring water to desert
  • No written language kept records on quipu
  • Built Machu Picchu in Peru
  • Conquered by Spanish

B. Empires to Nations
  • European Conquests
  • Conquistadors Spanish conquerors
  • Conquered many of the native people in the 1500s
  • Viceroys Royal appointed officials
  • Gaining Independence
  • In the late 1700s, resentment grew against the
  • The first country to earn independence was Haiti
  • Many of he islands of the Caribbean did not gain
    their independence for much longer some still
    havent today!

C. Era of Dictatorship
  • Caudillo dictator
  • Made all of the decisions

D. Movements for Change
  • Panama the U.S. signed a treaty creating the
    Panama Canal Zone
  • Slavery still existed in many countries
  • Communism in Cuba still today!

III. Section III
  • Cultures Lifestyles

A. Religion
  • Roman Catholicism
  • During the colonial era (when Latin America was
    being colonized by European countries), many of
    the Latin Americans became Christians
  • Most Christians are Roman Catholic
  • Protestantism
  • Mixing of Religions
  • Syncretism mixture of religions
  • Look at pie graph on pg. 227

B. The Arts of Latin America
  • Traditional Arts
  • Weaving, woodcrafting, pottery, metalwork
  • Murals Mosaics
  • Modern Arts
  • Artists, architects, dancers, musicians

C. Everyday Life
  • Family
  • Extended family includes grandparents, aunts
    uncles, cousins
  • Latin Americans have a strong sense of loyalty to
  • Education Health Care
  • Education quality varies greatly!
  • Malnutrition lack of proper food
  • Sports Leisure
  • Sports
  • Futbol Soccer
  • Jai Alai Fast-paced game like handball
  • Fiestas festivals
  • Best known is Carnival
  • Marti Gras Rio de Janeiro
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