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The Poetical Books


SONG OF SOLOMON. Theme: Love and Marriage. Date Written: 971 965 B.C. Author: Solomon ... Song of Solomon is a love song written by Solomon (1:1) and abounding in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Poetical Books

The Poetical Books
  • Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and the Song
    of Solomon. They dont relate historical
    experiences. Rather they relate the experiences
    of heart.
  • Unlike the Pentateuch and twelve historical
    books, the poetical books do not advance the
    story of the nation Israel. Instead, they delve
    deeply into crucial questions about pain, God,
    wisdom, life, and loveall in the present tense.

Introduction Poetical Books
  • Three Kinds of Poetry
  • 1. Lyric Poetry (ex. Psalms)
  • 2. Didactic Poetry (ex. Proverbs ,
  • 3. Dramatic Poetry ( Job, Song of Solomon)

Poetry Introduction ...Continues....
  • Two Key Elements of Hebrew Poetry
  • 1. Parallelism
  • 2. Figures of Speech
  • Hebrew poetry is characterized by vivid figures
    of speech

Poetry Introduction Continues...
  • Parallelism
  • A. Synonymous The thought of the first line is
    basically repeated in different words in the
    second line (Psalms 24 31 717)
  • B. Antithetical The thought of the first line
    is emphasized by a contrasting thought in the
    second line (Psalms 16 3410). They are often
    identified with but.

Poetry Introduction Continues...
  • Parallelism
  • C. Synthetic - The second line explains or
    further develops the idea of the first line (Ps
    13 953).
  • D. Climatic - The second line repeats with the
    exception of the Last terms (Psalms 291).
  • E. Emblematic - One line conveys the main point,
    the second line illuminates it by an image
    (Psalms 421 231).

Poetry Introduction .... Continues....
  • Figures of Speech
  • 1. Simile (Ps. 1 3-4)
  • 2. Metaphor (Ps. 231)
  • 3. Implication ( Ps. 2216, Jer. 47)
  • 4. Hyperbole- The use of exaggeration to
    emphasize a point (Ps. 66 7827 10726).
  • 5. Rhetorical Questions (Ps. 3510, 568, 946

Poetry Introduction ..... Continues
  • 6. Metonymy (ps.59 182 579 739)
  • 7. Anthropomorphism - Assigning an
    appropriate part of human body to Gods Person to
    convey some truth about God. (Ps. 114 1815
    312 328)
  • 8. Zoomorphism (Ps 178 367 637 914)
  • 9. Personification Assigning the
    characteristics of a human to lifeless objects
    (Ps 3510 7716 9611, 10419).
  • 10. Apostrophe Addressing lifeless objects (Ps

Poetry Introduction Continues....
  • Another technique in Hebrew Poetry is the
    Alphabetic acrostic the first Hebrew letter in
    a line is the first letter of the alphabet, the
    second is the second letter of the alphabet, and
    so on.
  • There are also three books of wisdom within the
    poets Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes.

  • Theme Blessings through suffering
  • Date Written 2000 1800 B.C.
  • Author Unknown ...
  • Setting Land of Uz

Job - Introduction
  • The book of Job is considered by many Bible
    scholars to be the oldest book in the Bible. Job
    probably lived during the same time period as
    Abraham. Like Abraham, Job is a wealthy and
    upright man who fears God.
  • The Book begins with a heavenly debate between
    God and Satan, moves through three cycles of
    earthly debates between Job and his friends, and
    concludes with a dramatic divine diagnosis of
    Jobs problem.

Job Introduction Continues...
  • In the end, job acknowledges the sovereignty of
    God in his life and receives back more than he
    had before his trials.
  • Iyyob is the Hebrew title for the book. It could
    be derived from the Hebrew word for persecution,
    it means Persecuted one.

Some Sources of Suffering
  • The fall of man Genesis 316-19
  • The consequences of your sins Galatians 67
  • The sins of others Genesis 3726-28
  • Unavoidable consequences Luke 1030
  • Unavoidable disaster Luke 131-5
  • Consequences of your beliefs Philippians 129
    2 Timothy 312
  • Gods Plan greater Plan Job 11 213

Life lessons from Job
  • Spiritual affairs are going on in heaven that you
    know nothing about.
  • Life issues cannot always be understood in human
  • Gods people do suffer. Bad things do happen to
    good people.
  • You cannot always judge a persons spirituality
    by his or her pain or prosperity.
  • God always has a reason for what you are asked to
  • Suffering should improve your worship as you draw
    closer to God and His comfort.

Survey of Job
  • Chapters 1 -2 The Dilemma of Job
  • (Controversy between God and Satan)
  • Chapters 4 37 The Debates of Job
  • (3 cycles of Debate and the final Defense of Job)
  • Chapters 38 to 42 The Deliverance of Job
  • (Controversy of God and Job)

  • Theme Praise
  • Date Written 1410 450 B.C.
  • Author Various authors
  • Setting Heaven and Earth.

Psalms - Introduction
  • The Psalms are poetic expressions of human and
    religious feeling, and are divided into five
    books that comprise a total of 150 individual
    psalms. The Psalms span the ten centuries from
    Moses to the days after the Jewish peoples
  • They consist of a wide variety of styles and
    purposes and emotions, such as lament,
    thanksgiving, praise, worship, pilgrimage,
    petition, and penitence.

Psalms Introduction Continues...
  • The Book of Psalms is the largest and perhaps
    most widely used book in the Bible.
  • The Psalms were set to the accompaniment of
    stringed instruments served as the Temple
    hymnbook and devotional guide for the Jewish

Major Contributors of the Psalms
Psalms - Book One (Psalms 1 -41)
  • David is designated as being the author of almost
    half of the Psalms (73 of the 150 Psalms). He
    authored all the Psalms in this first book.
    Davids wide range of experience as a shepherd,
    musician, warrior, and king are reflected in his
    psalms. The Psalms in this book are basically
    songs of praise and worship. The most
    well-known psalm in this section is Psalm 23,
    which begins with the familiar and well- loved
    word, The LORD is my shepherd (Psalms 231)

Psalms Book Two (Psalms 42-72)
  • David and sons of Korah ( a group of singers and
    composers) account for most of the psalms in book
    two. Most of the Psalms in this grouping are
    hymns of national interest and describe Gods
    nature and His judgment of the wicked and the
    deliverance of the righteous. Davids public
    song of repentance after his sinful affair with
    Bathsheba is located in this section. In it
    David cries out, have mercy upon me, O God,
    according to Your lovingkindness (Psalm 511).
    These Psalms help us reserve a sense of wonder
    and thankfulness toward God in our worship.

Psalms Book Three (Psalms 73-89)
  • Asaph was appointed by David as leader of one the
    temple choirs (1 Chronicles 251), and is the
    author of the majority of the Psalms in this
    section. This book of songs celebrate the
    sovereignty of God, Gods hand in history, His
    faithfulness, and covenant with David. These
    psalms remind us that the worship of our great
    God should be continual. The Psalmist declared,
    I will sing of the mercies of the Lord forever
    with my mouth will I make known Your faithfulness
    to all generations (Psalms 891).

Psalms Book Four (Psalms 90-106)
  • Although five of these psalms are attributed to
    David, most of them were written anonymously.
    Primarily these psalms are anthems of praise and
    reflection, and prayer by Moses is the opening
    psalm in this section. Moses reminds us that our
    time on this earth is limited and we are to use
    it wisely. He tells us to number our days, that
    we may gain a heart of wisdom (Psalm 9012).

Psalms Book Five (Psalms 107 150)
  • Many of these psalms attributed to David, and
    many are anthems of praise. They exalt Gods
    works, recount the blessings of righteous living,
    and the longest psalm (Psalm 119) praises God for
    His wonderful Word. The poetry in this book
    reminds us that the most perfect sacrifice we can
    offer to God is a faithful and Obedient life.

Life lessons from the Psalms
  • The Psalms give you a better understanding of
  • The Psalms can guide you in your ongoing
    relationship with God.
  • The Psalms are a source of comfort in times of
    pain and distress.
  • The Psalms remind you often of Gods control over
    all things.
  • The Psalms provide a model for praise and worship.

  • Theme Practical wisdom
  • Date Written 971 681 B.C.
  • Author Primarily Solomon
  • Setting Everyday Life

Proverbs - Introduction
  • While David is the author of a majority of the
    Psalms, his son, Solomon, is the author of most
    of the book of Proverbs.
  • The Book of Proverbs is the most practical book
    in the Old Testament because it gives simple
    illustrations and insights about the basic
    realities of everyday life.
  • The book of Proverbs is meant to be to your
    practical life what the book of Psalms is to your
    devotional life.

Proverbs Introduction Continues...
  • The key word in Proverbs is wisdom, the ability
    to live life skillfully.
  • Proverbs provides Gods detailed instruction for
    His people to deal successfully with the
    practical affairs of everyday life how to relate
    to God, parents, children, neighbours, and
  • According to First Kings 432, he spoke 3000
    proverbs and 1,005 songs. Only about 800 of his
    3000 proverbs are included in the two Solomonic
    collections in this book.

Proverbs Introduction Continues...
  • Who are the contributors of Proverbs?
  • 1. Solomon
  • 2. Proverbs of Solomon Copied by Hezekiahs Men
    (251 2927.
  • 3. Agur (30)
  • 4. Lemuel (31)

Survey of Proverbs
  • Purpose of Proverbs 11 -17
  • Proverbs to Youth 18 918
  • Proverbs of Solomon 101 2434
  • Proverbs of Solomon (Hezekiah) 251 2927
  • Words of Agur 301 - 3033
  • Words of Lemuel 311 3131

Life Lessons from Proverbs
  • Chose Gods ways. He will lead you into making
    right decisions.
  • Chose your words carefully. They reveal your
    inner character.
  • Chose to work diligently. God will be honored,
    and you will profit and gain skills in your
  • Chose your friends carefully. They are a
    reflection of you.
  • Chose to develop moral character and devotion to
    God. This is success in Gods eyes.

  • Theme All is vanity apart from God.
  • Date Written 940 - 931 B.C.
  • Author Solomon
  • Setting The end of Solomons life

Ecclesiastes - Introduction
  • This book is an autobiography written by King
    Solomon at the end of his life after he strayed
    away from God.
  • Ecclesiastes is a profound recording an intense
    search by the Preacher for meaning and
    satisfaction in life.
  • The Key word in Ecclesiastes is vanity, the
    futile emptiness of trying to be happy apart from

Life lessons Ecclesiastes
  • All your activities in life should be seen and
    measured in the light of eternity.
  • Nothing in this life will bring true meaning and
    happinessnot wealth, fame, pleasure, or success.
    Only in God can you find real fulfllment.
  • There is much less that you can depend on than
    you might think!
  • True happiness comes only from obedience to God.

Survey of Ecclesiastes
  • The Thesis that All Is Vanity
  • (11-11)
  • The Proof that All Is Vanity (112 - 612)
  • The counsel for Living with Vanity (71 - 1214)

  • Theme Love and Marriage
  • Date Written 971 965 B.C.
  • Author Solomon
  • Setting Early in Solomons reign

Song of Solomon - Introduction
  • Song of Solomon is a love song written by Solomon
    (11) and abounding in metaphors and oriental
    imagery. Historically, it depicts the wooing
    and wedding of a shepherdess by King Solomon, and
    the joys and heartaches of wedded love.
  • Allegorically, it pictures Israel as Gods
    espoused bride
  • (see Hosea 2 19-20), and the church as the bride
    of Christ.

Song of Solomon Introduction Continues...
  • This book is called by many names Song of
    Songs, Song of Solomon or The Best Song.
  • This song was written primarily from the point of
    view of the Shulamite, the reason could be
    Solomons relationship with the Shulamite was the
    only pure romance he ever experienced even though
    he had many wives.
  • This book is arranged like scenes in a drama with
    three main speakers the bride (Shulamite), the
    king (Solomon), and a chorus (daughters of

Christ in Song of Solomon
  • In the Old Testament, Israel is regarded as the
    bride of Yahweh ( See Is. 545-6 Jer. 22
    Ezek. 168-14 Hosea 216-20). In the New
    Testament, the church is seen as the bride of
    Christ (see 2 Cor. 112 Eph. 523-25 Rev.
    197-9 219). The Song of Solomon illustrates
    the former and anticipates the latter.

Song of Solomon...Introduction Continues...
  • Is this book fictional, allegorical or
  • Fictional Fictional drama that portrays
    Solomons courtship of and marriage to a poor but
    beautiful girl from the country.
  • Allegorical it illustrate the truth of Gods
    love for his people.
  • Historical it is a poetic record of Solomons
    actual romance with a Shulamite woman.

Survey of Song of Solomon
  • Title (11)
  • Falling in Love (12 - 35)
  • United in Love (36 - 51)
  • Struggling in Love (52 - 710)
  • Maturing in Love (711 814)
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