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Tahara Course2


... pubic hair, circumcision, trimming the moustache, ... Plucking the axillary hair. Sunan Al-fitra-Cont. Shaving the pubic hair. Washing the finger-joints ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tahara Course2

Tahara Course-2
  • Taught by Hacene Chebbani

Chapter Two Types of Najasaat
  • 6- Menstrual Blood
  • Narrated Asma Bint Abu Bakr (r) A woman
    came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said When one of
    us finds her garments stained with menstrual
    blood, what should she do? He (pbuh) replied
    She should scrape it, then scrub it with water,
    then sprinkle it, then she may pray in it
    Bukhari and Muslim.

Types of Najasaat
  • 7- Dog Saliva
  • Narrated Abu Huraira (r) that Allahs Messenger
  • (pbuh) said If a dog licks the dish of one of
  • he should wash it seven times, the first time
  • clean soil (Muslim)
  • 8- Dead Animals
  • Those animals which died a natural death, or by
    accident, without being slaughtered according to
    the sharia.
  • The skin of a dead animal when tanned, then it is
    purified. The Prophet (pbuh) said If the skin
    of a dead animal is tanned, it is purified
    (Muslim/Abu Dawood).

What is excluded from 8?
  • Dead fish and locusts
  • Narrated Ibn Umar (r) that Allahs Messenger
    (pbuh) said Two dead things and two kinds of
    blood have been made permissible to us As for
    the two dead things, they are fish and locuts.
    And as for the two kinds of blood, they are the
    liver and the spleen. (Bayhaqi)
  • Dead things which have no flowing blood
  • Narrated Abu Huraira (r) that Allahs Messenger
    (pbuh) said If a fly lands in a vessel
    belonging to one of you, he should submerge it
    completely, then remove it, for verily, in one of
    its wings is a poison and in the other is a cure
    (Bukhari/Ibn Majah)

What is excluded from 8?
  • The bones, horns, claws, hair and feathers of
    dead animals
  • Based on the basic principal that everything is
    pure unless there is evidence that says
  • A hadith in sahih Al-bukhari narrated in Muallaq
    form that Imam az-Zuhri said, concerning the
    bones of dead creatures , such as elephants and
    the like I have seen some people from among
    the scholars of salaf combing their hair with
    combs made from them and writing upon them and
    they saw no objection to it. This is the opinion
    of Imam Abu Haneefa and one of two opinions of
    Imam Ahmed.
  • Analogy to the dead things that have no flowing

How to Remove Najasaat
  • Since sharia informed us what are the najasaat,
    it also informed us how to remove those
  • Cleansing the skin of dead animals by tanning.
    For a proof (see slide 3).
  • Cleansing vessels which have been licked by a
    dog. They should be washed seven times, the first
    one with dust. For a proof (see slide 3).

How to Remove Najasaat
  • Cleansing a garment if blood is spilt on it.
  • She should scrape it, then scrub it with water,
    then sprinkle it, then she may pray in it
  • 4. Cleansing a garment of the urine of a
    breastfed infant.
  • Narrated Abu As-Samh, the servant of the Prophet
    (pbuh), that Allahs Messenger (pbuh) said The
    garment should be washed if from a girls urine
    and sprinkled if from a boys urine (Abu

How to Remove Najasaat- Cont
  • Cleansing a garment from al-madhi.
  • The Hadith of Sahl ibn Haneef (r), the Messenger
    replied It is sufficient for you to take a
    handful of water and sprinkle your clothes with
    it wherever you see its stains. (Abu
    Dawoud/Tirmidhi/Ibn Maajah).
  • Cleansing the soles of the shoes.
  • Narrated Abu Said (r) that the Prophet said
    When one of you comes to the Masjid, he should
    turn over his shoes to look at them and if he
    sees anything filthy, he should wipe them on the
    ground, then he should pray in them (Abu

How to Remove Najasaat-Cont
  • Cleansing the Earth
  • Narrated Abu Huraira (r) that a Bedouin stood up
    and urinated in the Masjid and the people seized
    him, but the Prophet (pbuh) said to them Leave
    him and pour a sajl or a dhanoob of water over
    his urine for you were sent forth to make things
    easy, not to make things difficult

Sunan Al-Fitra
  • Narrated Aisha (r) that Allahs Messenger (pbuh)
    said There are ten things which are part of
    al-Fitra Trimming the moustache, growing the
    beard, using the siwaak, Istinshaaq with water
    (Sniffing water in the nostrils ), clipping the
    nails, washing the finger-joints (and in between
    them), plucking the axillary hair, shaving the
    pubic hair, and cleaning the private parts after
    excretion. Zakaria said Musab said I have
    forgotten the tenth one, unless it was madmadah
    (Muslim/Abu Dawood/ Tirmithi/ Nassai/Ibn Maajah).

Sunan Al-Fitra-Cont
  • The second hadith Narrated Abu Huraira (r) that
    Allahs Messenger (pbuh) said There are five
    things which are part of Al-fitra Shaving the
    pubic hair, circumcision, trimming the moustache,
    plucking the axillary hair and clipping the
    nails. (Bukhari/Muslim)
  • The sunan of Al-alfitra are
  • Trimming the moustache
  • Growing the beard (Obligatory)
  • Using the Siwaak (highly preferred)
  • Istinshaaq with water
  • Clipping the nails.
  • Plucking the axillary hair

Sunan Al-fitra-Cont
  • Shaving the pubic hair
  • Washing the finger-joints
  • Cleaning the private parts after excretion
  • Madmadah (Rinsing the mouth with water)
  • Circumcision (khitan) (Obligatory for men).

Toilet Room Etiquette
  • It is reported on the authority of Salmaan
    al-Faarisi (r) that it was said to him Your
    Prophet taught you everything, even how to
    defecate! He replied Yes, he forbade us from
    facing the qiblah when defecating or urinating,
    from cleaning our private parts with the right
    hand, and from using less than three stones to
    clean our private parts, and from using dung or
    bones to clean our private parts.
    (Muslim/Tirmidhi/Abu Dawood/Ibn Maajah)

Toilet Room Etiquette
  • This hadith shows that the Islamic Sharia covers
    all aspects of our daily life.
  • What are the etiquettes of using the washroom?
  • Any article which bears the name of Allah
    should not be taken into the toilet room except
    when there is a fear of its loss if left outside.
  • Privacy in the sense of keeping out of sight
    should be maintained.
  • The dua Bismillah Allahomma Inni Aoodho Bika
    Minal khubuthi Wal khabaith should be recited
    when entering the toilet room. It means In the
    name of Allah, O Allah! I seek Your protection
    from the evil jinn, male and female.
  • Silence should be kept when using the toilet
    except when there is a need to warn others of a

Toilet Room Etiquette
  • Commonly used places such as roads, meeting
    places or shaded areas should not be used as a
  • It is disliked to urinate in standing position,
    and it is haraam if impurities are most likely to
    splash on ones clothes.
  • The left hand should be used in cleaning oneself.
    It is haraam to use the right hand to clean ones
    private parts.
  • The left foot is to be used first to enter the
    toilet room, and the right foot is be used first
    to leave the toilet.

Toilet Room Etiquette
  • The dua Ghufranak should be said when leaving
    the toilet. This means I seek Your
  • It is not permitted to face the qiblah nor to
    turn ones back to it when answering the call of
  • It is forbidden to urinate in still water. Jabir
    (r) said that the Prophet (pbuh) forbade us to
    urinate in still water (Muslim/Nasaai)
  • It is permitted to clean the private parts with
    water, or stones or their like, such as wood or
    paper. This instruction is relevant when someone
    is hiking outside the city and does not find
    water. It is not permitted to use less than three
  • To be continued
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