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Michigan High School Graduation Requirements


History of High School Requirements ... The 'universe' of recommended content during a 4 year high school experience ... Local school districts will assign ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Michigan High School Graduation Requirements

Michigan High School Graduation Requirements
August 2006
WhyEconomic Survival
  • Our students face both national and international
  • Research shows many students are not prepared to
    succeed in college or workplace
  • Courses like Algebra II are new gateway to higher
    paying jobs
  • Michigans economic success is tied to a
    well-educated workforce

WhyEmployers Want
  • Strong math and science backgrounds
  • Creative problem solvers
  • Effective communicators
  • Leadership qualities
  • Flexibility - ability to adapt
  • A minimum of 14 years of education

College-ready is Work-ready
  • we know that the skills expected for college
    are also the skills needed to enter todays
    workforce. So whether students plan further
    education or work after high school graduation,
    they need to graduate college-ready.
  • On Course for Success ACT

History of High School Requirements
  • Cherry Commission on Higher Education and
    Economic Growth
  • Yearlong study of resources, districts and best
  • State Board of Education leads the movement
  • Extraordinary partnership between Executive and
    Legislative branches

History of High School Requirements
  • Legislation signed by Governor Granholm on April
    20, 2006 created a set of rigorous high school
  • State graduation requirements become most
    comprehensive in nation
  • New requirements effective Class of 2011 except
    for Languages other than English 2016

Successful High School Programs
  • High expectations
  • Rigorous requirements
  • Academic studies applied to real-world situations
    and projects
  • Challenging career/technical studies
  • Work-based learning opportunities

School Environment
  • Teachers working together
  • Students actively engaged
  • Productive senior year
  • Guidance
  • Support structures
  • High Schools That Work,
  • Southern Regional Education Board

  • June 2005

Collaboration is the Key
Our Partners
  • Higher Education
  • Local School District Staff
  • ISD and RESA Consultants
  • Career and Technical Educators
  • Special Education and Support Staff
  • Content and Curriculum Consultants
  • Professional Organizations
  • Others

Overview of Michigan Merit Curriculum
  • 2011 Requirements (2006 8th grade class)
  • 4 English Language Arts
  • 4 Mathematics (1 in senior year)
  • 3 Science
  • 3 Social Studies
  • 1 Physical Education/Health
  • 1 Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts
  • On-line course/experience
  • 2016 Requirements (2006 3rd grade class)
  • 2 credits/experience in Languages other than

Courageous Leadership
By enacting the Michigan Merit Curriculum, the
Michigan Legislature and Governor Granholmthe
State Board of Education and the Department of
Education have catapulted Michigan from the state
that demanded among the leastto one of the
states that demands the most. Enacting Michigan
Merit Curriculum required political leadership
and courage. Implementing it well will require
the skill and dedication of Michigans educators,
a challenge they are surely up to. Michael
Cohen President and CEO of Achieve, Inc.
What Was MDEs Charge?
  • Create a set of subject matter content
    expectations and guidelines that will ensure
    rigorous learning for all students in high school
    so as to meet the requirements of the Michigan
    Merit Curriculum
  • Convene committees that represent the highest
    levels of expertise

What Was MDEs Charge?
  • Align expectations to national and international
  • Submit work for public and national reviews
  • Publish documents that are useful to teachers,
    parents, students, and the community

Michigan Merit Curriculum
  • The Michigan Merit Curriculum represents the
    credits required for graduation in specific
    subject areas and learning experiences
  • Course/Credit Content Expectations for
  • English Language Arts
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Social Studies
  • Subject Area/Learning Experience Guidelines for
  • Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts (VPAA)
  • Physical Education/Health
  • Online Learning
  • Languages other than English (LOTE)

High School Course/Credit Content Expectations
Who Was Involved?
  • Academic Work Groups
  • Chaired by Higher Education
  • Other representative members
  • Local and Intermediate School Districts
  • Professional Organizations
  • Career Technical Education
  • Review Committees
  • Web Review
  • National Review
  • Achieve, Inc. ELA and Mathematics
  • Council of State Science Supervisors
  • North American Council for Online Learning

What Was Developed?
  • High School Content Expectations (HSCE)
  • The universe of recommended content during a 4
    year high school experience
  • Course/Credit Content Expectations (CCE)
  • Specific course/credit content requirements
    derived from the universe of the HSCE

Course/Credit Content Expectations
  • Build on and extend
  • - Michigan K-8 Grade Level Content Expectations
    and the K-8 Educational Experience
  • - Michigan Curriculum Framework
  • - Career and Employability Skills Standards and

Course/Credit Content Expectations
  • Are aligned with national standards and
    recommendations from
  • American Diploma Project (ADP) and Achieve, Inc.,
  • National Council of Teachers of English and the
    International Reading Association
  • National Council of Teachers of Mathematics and
    Program for International Student Assessment
  • College Board (SAT)
  • National Assessment Evaluation Program (NAEP) and
    National Assessment Governing Board (NAGB)
  • American College Testing Program (ACT)

English Language Arts
  • Required 4 credits
  • Credit content is defined by units
  • 4 model units per credit (year)
  • Anchor texts narrative/informational
  • Organized by Big Ideas
  • Increasing levels of complexity and
  • Emphasis on Reading, Writing, and Informational

  • Required 4 Credits
  • Credit content is developed for
  • Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II,
    Pre-Calculus, Statistics, and Integrated
  • Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II are required
  • Senior year of math is required to be selected
    from district or online options, and/or dual
  • Sequence is not mandated
  • Legislation lists examples, list not exclusive
  • Integrated math allowed

  • Required 3 Credits
  • Credit content is developed for
  • Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics
  • Biology required of everyone
  • Choice of Physics or Chemistry
  • 3rd credit to be selected from district or online
    options, and/or dual enrollment
  • Legislation encourages 4th credit
  • Sequence not mandated

Social Studies
  • Required 3 credits
  • Credit content is being developed for
  • U.S. History and Geography, Civics, Economics,
    and World History and Geography
  • 1 credit in U.S. History and Geography
  • .5 credit in Civics
  • .5 credit in Economics
  • 1 credit in World History and Geography
  • Anticipated approval and dissemination 2007

High School Course/Credit Guidelines
Course/Credit Guidelines
  • The Course/Credit Guidelines (CCG)
  • Provide high schools with general content and
  • Local school districts will assign credits based
    on their course/credit offerings that are aligned
    to the Course/Credit Guidelines
  • Guidelines are aligned to Michigan Curriculum
    Framework, Career and Technical Education
    Standards, and/or other program area guidelines

Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts
  • Required 1 credit
  • Guidelines are developed for
  • Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts
  • The goal is to provide students with experience
    in the entire artistic/creative process
  • Guidelines focus on artistic/creative processes
    rather than defining set of courses that meet
  • Credit assignment is up to local school district

Physical Education/Health
  • Required 1 credit
  • Guidelines are being developed for
  • Health and Physical Education
  • Physical Education and Health requirements
  • Must be taught by teachers with the appropriate
    endorsements (MA, MX or KH for health MB, MX or
    SP for physical education)
  • May be integrated into one course if the teacher
    is qualified and guidelines for both health and
    physical education are met.

Online Requirement
  • Requirement No credit by law requires online
    learning experience
  • Guidelines for this learning experience have been
  • Credit or non-credit course or learning
  • OR
  • District has integrated online learning into each
    credit area required for graduation
  • MDE identifies basic level of technology and
    internet access for requirement to be in effect

Languages Other Than English
  • Required
  • 2 credits in high school
  • OR..
  • Course work or other learning experiences prior
    to/during high school (K-12)
  • American Sign Language (ASL) and Heritage
    Languages qualify toward this requirement
  • Requirement may be met on-line

Timeline for Course/Credit Content Expectations
and Guidelines
  • Course/Credit Content Expectations and Guidelines
    will be presented to the State Board and made
    available on the MDE website on August 4, 2006
  • English Language Arts Units for 9th and 10th
  • Mathematics Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II,
  • Precalculus, Statistics
  • Science Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry,
  • Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts
  • Online Experience

Timeline for Course/Credit Content Expectations
and Guidelines
  • Course/Credit Content Expectations and Guidelines
    projected for 2007
  • Social Studies U.S. History and Geography,
    Economics, Civics, World History and Geography
  • Languages other than English (LOTE) Guidelines
    for credit and experience

Michigan Merit Curriculum Completion Schedule
Michigan Merit Curriculum Completion Schedule
Michigan Merit Curriculum Completion Schedule
Michigan Merit Curriculum Completion Schedule
Michigan Merit Curriculum Completion Schedule
Performance Matters
What We Know
  • Whats New
  • Meet or exceed content expectations
  • Perform and demonstrate competency
  • Assign credit based on meeting expectations
  • Currently
  • Pass or fail
  • Seat time
  • Individual courses

Courses vs. Credits
  • Student earns credit by
  • Successfully completing the learning expectations
    in the Course/Credit Content Expectations for the
    credit area
  • Successful completion to be determined, in part,
    by state or local district assessments
  • Testing out allowed based on earning qualifying
    score on state or local assessments

Courses vs. Credits, contd.
  • Graduation requirements intended to be
  • Requirements do not imply courses, seat time,
    Carnegie Units
  • Legislation says districts may offer credits
    through alternate methods (e.g. Humanities,
    CTE, Industrial Technology, Voc-Ed, or

Courses vs. Credits, contd.
  • Credit requirement can be met in variety of ways
    and in other courses
  • Career Technical Education
  • Community based learning
  • Independent study/project work
  • High school credit may be earned for high school
    level courses taken prior to high school

Courses vs. Credits, contd.
  • Legislation does not prohibit student satisfying
    credit requirements through
  • Dual enrollment
  • Advanced Placement
  • International Baccalaureate
  • Other early college experiences or programs

Michigan Merit Curriculum Assessments
  • By April 2009 the MDE must develop or select and
    approve assessments districts may use to measure
    achievement in at least the required credit areas
    of English Language Arts, Mathematics, Science,
    and Social Studies by
  • End-of-course exams
  • Possible incremental (semester) assessments

Michigan Merit Curriculum Assessments
  • Local districts may use own assessments to
    measure achievement in credits
  • New law authorizes local district to institute
    Michigan Merit Exam (MME) as graduation

Personal Curriculum
  • Must meet high school requirements except as
    designated by law
  • Graduation requirements may be modified through
    the Personal Curriculum

Personal Curriculum
  • Developed by team comprised of the student,
    parent/guardian, high school counselor or staff
    member designated by principal
  • No age or grade level specified
  • Should incorporate as much of graduation
    requirements as practicable

Personal Curriculum, contd.
  • Shall include measurable goals and evaluation
  • Aligned with students Educational Development
    Plan (EDP from 7th grade)
  • Final plan must be approved by parents and
    district superintendent
  • Parents must communicate with teachers once each
    quarter to assess progress

Personal Curriculum
Personal Curriculum
Personal Curriculum
Sample Student Schedule - Career Technical
Education Emphasis
LOTE Languages other than English
Sample Student Schedule -Instrumental Music
7 Period Day
4x4 Block A/B Block
First Semester or A Schedule
Second Semester or B Schedule
Trimester Schedule
Special Education
  • All graduation requirements apply
  • Students IEP supports the student to achieve
  • The IEP must identify the appropriate supports to
    successfully complete the Michigan Merit
    Curriculum or through a Personal Curriculum

Support for Students At Risk
  • Students at risk of failure or dropping out
  • District must provide parents information on
    tutoring, support, counseling services that are
    available, such as
  • 31A programs/services
  • Services required through NCLB (if school
    receives Title 1 funds)
  • Other school/district-based services

District Modification
  • District must make available opportunities to
    meet all graduation requirements by beginning of
    2007-08 school year (when next years 8th graders
    enter 9th grade)
  • If not available in the district itself, other
    arrangements such as
  • Co-op agreements with neighboring district(s)
  • Online options
  • Dual enrollment
  • Distance learning

District Modification
  • If district still can not provide required
    opportunities, may apply for approval of phase-in
  • MDE to develop guidelines
  • Phase-in, no permanent waivers
  • If district can not meet requirements, MDE will
    work with district to develop plan

Specialty Schools
  • State Superintendent may designate up to 15
    Specialty Schools
  • Exempt from the 4 ELA credits
  • Exempt from the 3 Social Studies credits
  • Must require 4 credits of Science, with no
  • No modification of Math credits

Specialty Schools, contd.
  • Must incorporate significant Reading and Writing
    in curriculum
  • Specialized, innovative curriculum using national
    or international models
  • Mean scores on Math and Science sections of ACT
    must be 10 above local district

Specialty Schools, contd.
  • Must have an 85 graduation rate
  • Must have 75 enrolled in post-secondary
  • Students and parents must be notified if school
    doesnt meet Michigan Merit graduation
  • Student transferring to another school would be
    required to meet graduation requirements

School Accreditation
  • State accreditation of high schools dependent
    upon schools providing opportunities to meet all
    graduation requirements
  • Beginning 2008-09 school year, no high school
    will be accredited unless such opportunities are
  • Law provides for consequences for schools failing
    to be accredited for 3 consecutive years

MDE Obligations
  • Develop Course/Credit Content Expectations for
    subject areas named in legislation
  • Develop guidelines for
  • PE/Health
  • Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts
  • Online Learning Experience
  • Languages other than English (experiences K-12)
  • Alternative delivery methods
  • District phase-in requirements

MDE Obligations, contd.
  • Within 3 years develop or select and approve
    assessments that may be used by the district for
    the Course/Credit requirements (at a minimum) in
  • English Language Arts
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Social Studies
  • Develop guidelines for applications for
    specialty schools

District Obligations
  • Opportunities in place by 2007-08 school year to
    meet all graduation requirements
  • If not, proposal for phase-in plan
  • Educational Development Plan for 7th graders to
    be completed by time student enters high school

District Obligations, contd.
  • Graduation credit areas taught by highly
    qualified (NCLB) teachers
  • Notice to parents of students failing or in
    danger of dropping out
  • Basic technology and internet access in place to
    support on-line requirement

Find Information on Web
  • Michigan.gov/highschool (with link to HSCE site)
  • http//www.michigan.gov/highschool
  • Michigan.gov/hsce
  • http//www.michigan.gov/hsce
  • Michigan.gov/oeaa (MME/ACT information)
  • http//michigan.gov/oeaa
  • Michigan.gov/mathematics (mathematics resources)
  • http//www.michigan.gov/mathematics
  • ACT.org (policy makers) On Course for Success
  • http//www.act.org/path/policy/pdf/success_report.
  • ACT.org (policy makers) Reading Between the Lines
  • http//www.act.org/path/policy/reports/reading.htm
  • ACT.org (College Readiness Standards)

MDE Contact Information
  • Jeremy M. Hughes, Ph.D.
  • Deputy Superintendent/Chief Academic Officer
  • Hughesj_at_michigan.gov
  • Dr. Yvonne Caamal Canul, Director
  • Office of School Improvement
  • Canuly_at_michigan.gov
  • Betty Underwood, Assistant Director
  • Office of School Improvement
  • Underwoodb_at_michigan.gov
  • Deborah Clemmons, Supervisor
  • Office of School Improvement
  • Clemmonsd_at_michigan.gov
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