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Blue Group


1BA6 Blue Group Class Presentation - Topic 3. Our Argument. Speaker ... 1BA6 Blue Group Class Presentation - Topic 14. In the meantime the rest of the world... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Blue Group

Blue Group
  • The MotionThe involvement of the Military is
    good for computing
  • We are against this motion

The Blue Team
  • Team LeaderEoghan Cunneen
  • Serena Cameirano
  • Sarah Fortune (Helper)
  • Brian Cullen
  • John Curtis (Helper)
  • Ekaterina Aksenova
  • Andrew Collins (Helper
  • Ivan Byrne
  • Diarmuid Delaney
  • Other Tasks
  • PowerPoint - J Curtis

Our Argument
  • Speaker 1 Serena Cameirano
  • Just how is the military bad for computing from
    an ethical viewpoint?
  • Speaker 2 Brian Cullen
  • How much better could research money be spent?
  • Technological Determinism
  • Speaker 3 Ekaterina Aksenova
  • An example, United States of America vs. Japan
  • Difference in emphasis of research (the military
    vs. the consumer)
  • Both from an ethical practical point of view
    the involvement of the military is ultimately bad
    for computing

  • The military is not important to computing, in
    that the inventions derived from military
    research could and ultimately would have been
    developed in the private sector possibly cheaper
    in a more open environment

Speaker 1
  • Serena Cameirano

  • Progress is the gradual betterment of mankind
    and the development of society
  • It increases the availability of knowledge

  • Who is to say if these inventions cant be
    invented otherwise?
  • How can military research help the improvement of
    society? It cant!
  • Imagine how many ways the budget for military
    research could be spent? To help people, not hurt

and After

.And what the US Government doesnt consider as
primary needing
  • Health
  • "25 of the people of Texas had no health
    insurance in the year 2000.
  • Health care is a basic human need that is not
    being subsidised by the U.S. government
    Military_Budget_watch.html - 9k

  • In 1996, the World Game Institute conducted a
    study entitled What the World Wants. Analysts
    estimated that for approximately 30 of the 1996
    world military expenditures (810 billion), all
    of the following could have been accomplished
  • Eliminate Starvation and Malnutrition (19
    billion) Provide Shelter (21 billion) Remove
    Landmines (4 billion) Build Democracy (3
    billion) Eliminate Nuclear Weapons (7
    billion) Refugee Relief (5 billion)
    Eliminate Illiteracy (5 billion) Provide
    Clean, Safe Water (10 billion) Provide Health
    Care and AIDS Control (21 billion) Stop
    Deforestation (7 billion) Prevent Global
    Warming (8 billion) Stabilize Population
    (10.5 billion) Prevent Acid Rain (8
    billion) Provide Clean, Safe Energy Energy
    Efficiency (33 billion), Renewable Energy (17
    billion) Stop Ozone Depletion (5 billion)
    Prevent Soil Erosion (24 billion) Retire
    Developing Nations Debt (30 billion)

In the meantime the rest of the world
  • The UN Development Programme's Human Development
    Report 2001 provides a snapshot of these
    conditions around the world
  • More than 854 million adults are illiterate,
    including 543 million women Over 960 million
    people lack access to improved water resources
    325 million children do not attend school,
    including 183 million girls 11 million
    children under five die each year from
    preventable diseases 1.2 billion people live
    on less than 1 a day, and 2.8 billion live on
    less than 2 a day and Employment and
    economic growth in Arab countries has lagged well
    behind all but the poorest countries in Africa
    over the past decade.
  • http//

In Conclusion
  • All the inventions that the military gave us
    could be obtained in other ways
  • All this money could be spent in more beneficial
    research that aims to help improve the Society
    not to kill people or destroy

Speaker 2
  • Brian Cullen

DARPA Summary Report
DARPA Accomplishments
  • Its easy to see how technologies like GPS have
    good applications to computing
  • But was it the militaries intention to help
    hikers that get lost in the mountains
  • NO
  • Lets see what they really wanted to build with
    all that money

Star Wars
  • Part of the proposed Star Wars system
  • Relies completely on computers, and therefore
    computer related spin offs are almost inevitable
  • The current US missile defence plan is for a
    multilayered set of land, sea, air and space
    based systems that has been estimated to cost
    anywhere between 60 and 200 billion.
  • Not only would US taxpayers' money be wasted, it
    would also cost the people of the world the
    hard-won progress already made on nuclear arms
    control and disarmament.
  • "We're against having a cure that is worse than
    the disease." Russian President Vladimir Putin on
    NMD, June 4, 2000

Why The US
  • But spin-off technologies in most cases seem to
    come from the US military.
  • So why does everything seem to come from the US

Military Budget Countries In Billions2003
Could Money Be Better Spent
  • If we pump so much money into military research
    and development we are bound to get some good
    Spin-Off technologies.
  • But what could we get instead if we gave the
    money to civilian research companies.

Military Research
Tax Payers Money
GPS Internet Microwaves
Genome Project Laser Telegraphy Light bulb
Electricity  Radio Printing Press
Civilian Research
  • The Human Genome Project, we, after 4 billion
    years of evolution, are a life-form that is
    reading its own set of instructions Sir John
    Sulston, leader of the British effort in the
  • Computers were fundamental in mapping the human
  • "At the outset, the U.S. Congress was told the
    project would cost about 3 billion in FY 1991
    dollars and would be completed by the end of
    2005. In actuality, the Human Genome Project was
    finished two and a half years ahead of time and,
    at 2.7 billion in FY 1991 dollars, significantly
    under original spending projections." BETHESDA,
    Md., April 14, 2003
  • Crucial for cancer treatment, genetic diseases
  • In 1990 scientists knew of only 100 human disease
    genes, now we know of over 1,400 of these genes
    U.S. Dept. of Energy Human Genome Program

Speaker 3
  • Ekaterina Aksenova

America vs. Japan Militarism vs. Consumerism
  • Japan mostly concentrates on the IT research
  • USA mostly concentrates on the military research
  • Japan is the leader in the electronic production
  • All the things we cant imagine our life without
    now came from Japan (e.g. Sony walkman)

Military vs. Civilian life
  • I am a war President with war on my mind
  • The Nation, February 10, 2004
  • Although many inventions in the USA came from
    military (e.g. GPS, wireless technologies) at
    what cost were these inventions
  • People under total control
  • Japan concentrates research development in IT,
    medicine, safety, to promote the well being of
    society of a whole

  • Japan gains military power without cut back in
    other areas
  • Although Japan increase military expenditure by
    6 a year they still only spend 1 of their GNP
    on military
  • This allows Japan to make rapid advancements in
    the area of RD which has numerous advantages to

  • Where internet came from?
  • Number of internet users in the USA in October
    2000 was 84.076 millions people
  • The number of internet users in Japan by 74 to
    47.08 millions in 2000
  • 23.64 millions Japanese logging onto the net from
    there mobile
  • Colossal potential of www

  • Summary of Groups Argument.
  • Sure, the involvement of the military has had
    clear benefits for computers.
  • Are their priorities in the right place?
  • Ultimately, money should be funded into helping
    PEOPLE and SOCIETIES, not into destroying them.
  • Would the likes of the internet or GPS have been
    developed eventually without the involvement of
    military? Yes (and likely at a lower cost with
    less secrecy, and hence more benefit to society)
  • What would have happened if we had developed GPS
    or the Internet commercially? We have seen how
    they have flourished around the world with non
    military applications! If more RD was
    non-military based think of the possibilities!
  • Military by its very nature is closed, and
    secretive and therefore not suited for
    technological development. The military research
    surrounding some of both British American
    research impeded the spread of new technology.
    Most academic research felt advances would come
    faster in an atmosphere of free exchange of ideas
    - University of Michigan
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