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Old Testament Survey: The Book of Job


He had seven sons and three daughters. He was concerned for his children. ... 'As for the Almighty, we cannot find Him; He is excellent in power, in judgment ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Old Testament Survey: The Book of Job

Old Testament Survey The Book of Job
  • There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name
    was Job and that man was blameless and upright,
    and one who feared God and shunned evil. Job

The Man Job
  • He lived during the Patriarchal Age in the city
    of Uz.
  • He was a wealthy man who was devoted to God.
  • He had seven sons and three daughters.
  • He was concerned for his children.
  • So it was, when the days of feasting had run
    their course, that Job would send and sanctify
    them, and he would rise early in the morning and
    offer burnt offerings according to the number of
    them all. For Job said, It may be that my sons
    have sinned and cursed God in their hearts. Thus
    Job did regularly. Job 15

Key Verses
  • And he said Naked I came from my mother's
    womb, and naked shall I return there. The LORD
    gave, and the LORD has taken away blessed be the
    name of the LORD. Job 121
  • Though He slay me, yet will I trust Him. Even
    so, I will defend my own ways before Him. Job

Key Verses
  • But He knows the way that I take when He has
    tested me, I shall come forth as gold.
    Job 2310
  • And to man He said, 'Behold, the fear of the
    Lord, that is wisdom, and to depart from evil is
    understanding. Job 2828

Key Verses
  • As for the Almighty, we cannot find Him He is
    excellent in power, in judgment and abundant
    justice He does not oppress. Therefore men fear
    Him He shows no partiality to any who are wise
    of heart. Job 3723,24
  • Key phrase
  • For I know that my Redeemer lives, and He shall
    stand at last on the earth. Job 1925
  • Key chapter
  • Chapter 42

The Test and Challenge
  • Have you considered My servant Job, that there
    is none like him on the earth, a blameless and
    upright man, one who fears God and shuns evil?
    Job 18
  • Does Job fear God for nothing? Have You not
    made a hedge around him, around his household,
    and around all that he has on every side? You
    have blessed the work of his hands, and his
    possessions have increased in the land. But now,
    stretch out Your hand and touch all that he has,
    and he will surely curse You to Your face!
    Job 19-11

God Limits Satan
  • And the LORD said to Satan, Behold, all that he
    has is in your power only do not lay a hand on
    his person. So Satan went out from the presence
    of the LORD. Job 112
  • Afflictions in one day
  • Lost his material wealth
  • His children died in an accident
  • Job did not charge God foolishly.

Satans Next Challenge
  • Skin for skin! Yes, all that a man has he will
    give for his life. But stretch out Your hand now,
    and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will
    surely curse You to Your face! Job 24,5
  • Afflictions in one day
  • Boils from head to foot
  • Scrapes with potsherd
  • A discouraged wife
  • Job did not sin with his lips.

The Three Friends
  • Months pass, and three of Jobs friends come to
    comfort him.
  • Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar
  • For a week, they do not speak.
  • Job breaks the silence by cursing the day of his
    birth. Job 3

The Position of the Three Friends
  • Man suffers as the result of sin.
  • Since Job was suffering so grievously, he must
    have sinned.
  • With each speech, the friends charge Job and call
    on him to repent and seek Gods forgiveness.
  • Job maintains his innocence he has not sinned!
  • Yet, he doesnt know the reason for his suffering.

Job Has Many Questions
  • Expressed desire to die rather than continue in
    his present state.
  • He sought to stand before God, knowing he would
    receive a fair hearing.
  • Agonized that his comforters were adding to his
  • His only hope for justice was through a
    Redeemer and resurrection.
  • Denies his friends charges.
  • Sadly, weve all sinnedeven Job!

One Other SpeakerElihu
  • Patiently listened to all the speeches.
  • Aggravated friends did a poor job in answering
  • He charged Job with rash and arrogant speech in
    denying Gods justice.
  • He suggested that God owes Job no explanation of
    his circumstances.
  • Sometimes, pain is used to chasten us.
  • He knew God did not hate Job.
  • God does many things we cannot comprehend.
  • Man has insufficient knowledge to charge God.

God Enters the Discussion
  • Who is this who darkens counsel by words without
    knowledge? Now prepare yourself like a man I
    will question you, and you shall answer Me.
    Job 382,3

God Questions Job
  • Where were you when I laid the foundations of
    the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding.
    Who determined its measurements? Surely you know!
    Or who stretched the line upon it? To what were
    its foundations fastened? Or who laid its
    cornerstone. Job 384-6

God Questions Job
  • Have you entered the springs of the sea? Or have
    you walked in search of the depths? Have the
    gates of death been revealed to you? Or have you
    seen the doors of the shadow of death? Have you
    comprehended the breadth of the earth? Tell Me,
    if you know all this. Job 3816-18

God Questions Job
  • Does the hawk fly by your wisdom, and spread its
    wings toward the south? Does the eagle mount up
    at your command, and make its nest on high? On
    the rocks it dwells and resides, on the crag of
    the rock and the stronghold. From there it spies
    out the prey its eyes observe from afar. Job

Job Humbles Himself Before God
  • Then Job answered the LORD and said I know that
    You can do everything, and that no purpose of
    Yours can be withheld from You. You asked, 'Who
    is this who hides counsel without knowledge?'
    Therefore I have uttered what I did not
    understand, things too wonderful for me, which I
    did not know. Job 421-3

Job Humbles Himself Before God
  • Listen, please, and let me speak You said, 'I
    will question you, and you shall answer Me. I
    have heard of You by the hearing of the ear, but
    now my eye sees You. Therefore I abhor myself,
    and repent in dust and ashes. Job 424-6

God Rebukes the Three Friends
  • And so it was, after the LORD had spoken these
    words to Job, that the LORD said to Eliphaz the
    Temanite, My wrath is aroused against you and
    your two friends, for you have not spoken of Me
    what is right, as My servant Job has. Now
    therefore, take for yourselves seven bulls and
    seven rams, go to My servant Job, and offer up
    for yourselves a burnt offering and My servant
    Job shall pray for you. For I will accept him,
    lest I deal with you according to your folly
    because you have not spoken of Me what is right,
    as My servant Job has. Job 427,8

Job Prays for His Friends and Is Again Blessed by
  • So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite
    and Zophar the Naamathite went and did as the
    LORD commanded them for the LORD had accepted
    Job. And the LORD restored Job's losses when he
    prayed for his friends. Indeed the LORD gave Job
    twice as much as he had before. Job 429,10

Lessons from Job
  • Satans power is inferior to Gods power, and his
    knowledge is less than Gods.
  • Suffering is not necessarily the result of sin.
  • The righteous can and do suffer.
  • The really poor and wretched are those who reject
    God and trust in themselves.
  • Momentary problems must not turn us away from
    eternal values.
  • Material possessions and earthly ties do not
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